The most important thing in solving problems is the ability to identify the condition (the circumstance of Affairs at the moment) and the question (what happens when the situation changes). The more you need to find, the more manipulations are necessary.
Need to teach the child to identify the main words: given-took, buy-sell, has taken put. To reveal the meaning of the words: if the boy was treated, something gave – he has added, if the girl was taken away, claimed she became paralyzed.
Visibility – compulsory methodically the correct condition of the learning child . Abstract concepts the child is not able to operate, so the first step was to explain on concrete examples. For example, my mom has seven cubes, four she gives to her son and asks to know what she left. Thus, it is important that all manipulations were carried out by the child, be sure to muttering aloud that what he is doing. Thus, use all types of memory: visual, motor, auditory.
When training the tasks you need to tell the kid how to distinguish between part and whole. The meaning of these words can be explained on a concrete example: take an orange and divide it into slices. The fruit itself is the whole and slices – it's part of the whole. A child considers how many parts is orange. Clean half and ask the kid to find out how much is left. He counts, I ask, how else can you find a solution to this task? Correctly, by subtraction. How to know how much would be slices, if to the first part add the second? Right, I need to lay down, get an orange.
The final stage of training the tasks must be the repetition, the analysis of the performed operations. Baby items says, what was the condition, what is the question, what did he do to get the answer. Once the algorithm learned, should be given the same task for independent work.
Start with simple tasks, it is not necessary to require all at once. Child, one way or another, learn to solve problems, most importantly, what attitude will give him such exercises.
Advice 2: How to teach a child math
At the age of 4-5 years, and in some cases even before, you can start to teach baby to master basics of math. If you do it in the form of games, using objects familiar to the baby since childhood, the result of a wait will make, believe me.
So delve into the essence of the process, how to teach child math. Start with the basics. Teach your toddler to count to five – just learn the sequence of numbers, but to let the child know that this is the account, and the numbers follow one another. Take, for example, apples. Put them in a row and count out loud. For a start, there should be no more than four or five, not peretrudites child long math next. Several times the count, pointing fingers at them and calling numbers. Then take 1 Apple, explaining aloud, "I'm holding an Apple". Then the second, third, and so on. Do that kind of manipulation about three to four days until you become clear that your child has grasped the essence of what you wanted to convey.
A week later you can try to begin to explain to a child how to add numbers. First let it be basic examples: 1+1, 1+2. "I take one Apple and add it to another, it turns out two apples".
In principle, you can take any items, but it is very desirable that they were identical and small in size. For example, the pins or the same sticks for the account. To teach child math, especially the basics of this simple method is very easy. Most importantly, patience, to carry out such simple classes regularly, preferably daily in these for some time.
A couple of weeks already you can move on to learning to count to ten and try to explain to the kid how to solve more complex examples. If you do a little – no more than 10-15 minutes a day, each time repeating previously learned, just three months you can teach the child everything he needs to know before school in mathematics.