To be sure that the body got Epstein-Barr, you need to know its main symptoms and manifestations. Usually, the disease is generally asymptomatic, or, or hiding under the guise of colds. However, sometimes this virus could develop into something more and lead to infectious mononucleosis. General signs of infection: high fever, weakness, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes in the neck; there is a possibility of the lesions. High risk of development of angina, occurrence of jaundice, enlargement of the spleen or liver. The disease caused by the Epstein-Barr, on average, lasts a month, rarely a little more.
Depending on what form the disease (acute or chronic), specialist and appoints treatment. By the way, the whole therapy is usually performed in a hospital, where doctors will also be able to follow routine and diet of the patient, to collect tests. To suppress the virus Epstein-Barr appointed antihistamines, immunomodulators, antibiotics, corticosteroids. The treatment often aims at eliminating the symptoms of the disease (for example, if the virus was the cause of tumor formation, assigned to anticancer drugs, special therapy; and if there was, say, a ruptured spleen, then the patient will be prescribed rest and hormonal therapy).
The chronic form of the disease are practically not amenable to complete cure, the medication for this has not yet been invented. And to overcome chronic fatigue syndrome appears because of the transfer of Epstein-Barr, can be overcome with the use of immunomodulators (e.g., interferon), physical therapy, nutritional diets, and exercise.
According to experts, the Epstein-Barr virus is not yet fully understood disease which is also called the kissing disease, and more scientifically mononucleosis. This virus is human herpes virus fourth degree. One of the most important symptoms is the apparent lack of effect from taking any used antibacterial drugs and antibiotics. The Epstein-Barr virus – treatment and prevention.
Epstein—Barr (EBV) belongs to the family of herpes viruses, contains two molecules of DNA and has the ability, like other viruses of this group, for life to persist in the human body. TREATMENT. Patients with infectious mononucleosis, it is advisable to treat conditions of infectious hospital since the necessary laboratory monitoring of disease development, consultations of related specialists (ENT-specialists ' offices, sometimes hematologists) that it is difficult to organize at home.
Advice 2 : How is the Epstein-Barr
Infectious mononucleosis is widely distributed on the planet, and in most cases doctors believe this disease is quite harmless. However, in rare cases it can cause so serious consequences that a patient may lose efficiency. The causative agent is a virus, Epstein-Barr, which can be transmitted in different ways.
Mononucleosis most often affects children of school age and young adults. To 50 years, as a rule, almost everyone can be found in the blood of antibodies to the virus Epstein-Barr, even those who can't remember that he was sick. The reason is that the disease can occur almost asymptomatic or have symptoms so weak that they blamed on the common cold. Once once in the blood, the virus prompts the body to develop antibodies that provide patient lifelong immunity against the pathogen.
Mononucleosis is also called "kissing disease" that accurately reflects the mode of transmission for Epstein-Barr, that is oral. Much less frequently the virus is transmitted during sexual intercourse, but this is doctors also known. Getting into your mouth while kissing, viruses occupy the mucous membrane of the throat, causing swelling and inflammation. This explains the symptoms of the disease: a slight rise of temperature, the sniffles, perhaps a cough, swollen lymph nodes in the neck. If the infection occurred through sexual intercourse, the virus penetrates the epithelial layer lining the vagina, and sometimes the cervix. In this case, the disease may generally be overlooked, because a slight pull in the abdomen, few people pay attention, blaming it on the symptoms of a monthly cycle.
But the virus does not have to sit in one place. Once in the body, it begins to spread it through the blood and lymph vessels, reaches such important organs as the liver and spleen, causing a substantial increase.
The period between infection and appearance of first symptoms of the disease lasts about 10 days, but can last up to 3 weeks. The older a person is, the greater will be the incubation period. For example, if a person first encountered the virus of Epstein-Barr after 40 years, the disease can manifest itself only after 50 days after infection.
You can say that you can protect yourself from mononucleosis is almost impossible, but you can significantly reduce your chances of Contracting the virus. This is especially true for people with weakened immune systems. They should avoid contact with people with symptoms similar to those caused by virus Epstein-Barr. Simply put, you should not kiss a man if he does not look very healthy, and even more to enter with it sexual relations. And if there is a significant increase of lymph nodes, vigilance should be doubled.