You will need
- Pigments, solvent, oil, lacquer, ceramic or glass vessels for mixing
Utensils for mixing colors should not be metal, because many of the pigments are chemically active, they react with the metal surface. For mixing you should choose the capacity of chemically neutral material. The same applies to wands of paint will be stirred.
In order to bind the pigment in oil paints require oil. Use the following types: linseed, walnut, poppy or hemp. Very rare and special purposes, using sunflower or olive oil. Also useful solvents are the volatile liquid, capable of dissolving the resin of vegetable origin.
A dye or pigment causes the color of the finished oil paint. Oil and solvent evaporate, harden, and the paint dries. Pigments affect the ability of the solvents to dry, therefore, different inks dry at different speeds. To control this process, you need a different oil having different speed drying.
To make oil paint by yourself, you need to take the pigment used to obtain a paint of a certain color and add oils and solvents. For pigments used various substances, among which are toxic. Natural pigments are very rare and expensive, often they are replaced by the most similar or synthesize. Before you mix the oil paint, you should find out the proportions of pigment, solvent and oil.
Various artists when painting want to your own effects, so I add a special substance to paint. For example, beeswax helps to ensure that the paint drying was not stratified for dry and moist layer, and became more elastic. More wax gives the paint a matte finish. Resin make the surface of the paint layer more smooth and glossy, and paint is harder. Turpentine, clean kerosene and varnishes, diluting the paint, but dries quickly.
Some paints are not used pure pigments, they add pigment and other components in order to balance the drying time of paint with other colors.
At various times, the artists used different solvents and thinners for their paints. When choosing additional ingredients, they were guided by what will help to achieve the desired result. Many of them experimented, since the properties of substances were poorly understood. The method mix is more or less established only in the XIX century. Then most of the artists moved to purchase paint.