Advice 1: Why die Kale

Often it happens that planted the cabbage seedlings are killed. This is manifested in different ways. Can yellowing and wilting leaves, or for a short time on them, there are many small holes, which also leads to drying. So why cabbage is dying and how to save her?
Why die Kale



The cause of death of cabbage seedlings and even more Mature plants can be very different: it is bad care, pests and diseases.

Cabbage killed by pests



The most dangerous enemies the young seedlings of cabbage are cruciferous flea beetles. These are small jumping insects that just a couple of days can destroy fragile plant. They attack the tender leaves are planted in the garden of seedling and first turn in the sieve edges of cabbage leaves, and then the whole thing. If time does not take action, the sprouts will die.

To deal with the cruciferous flea beetle can be by different methods: chemical and folk. To people's concerns pollination of tobacco dust, ash, a mixture of ash and pepper, and so on. Can water and spray decoctions of tomato leaves, infusion leaves, garlic, dandelion root. It all is effective and safe in terms of healthy products from his garden, but after the first rain and even irrigation fleas attack again. Therefore, it is better to apply chemicals. Is pollination of dust and spraying of any drug from garden pests. For example, means "commander", "Intair", etc.

No less dangerous cabbage aphid. It appears on older plants, cabbage is not killed, but growth and formation of heads is slowed down, leading to lower yields. To deal with aphids on the sprouts can be soapy water, and chemicals.

Closer to the fall often die cabbage from cabbage moths. It is a brown butterfly, leading nocturnal. She lays on the leaves of cabbage eggs, which contain tracks, which are very voracious. If the heads are still small, the caterpillars can completely ruin them. To combat cabbage cutworms need a method of collecting pests and eggs manually from the leaves. But if the caterpillars have entered the heads, then you need to spray the plants with microbiological preparations. This "Dipel", "Lepidocide", etc. the Use of chemicals is undesirable, as the harvest typically is less than a month.

Cabbage killed by disease



"Black leg" - the scourge of seedlings, especially it occurs when crops are dense and waterlogged soil. The cabbage cernet and softens the stem, after which it can not keep the leaves and falls to the side. This is a very contagious disease, it literally decimated the crops of cabbage for a few hours. To deal with the "blackleg". Immediately remove all diseased specimens and destroy them, the seedlings to be put in a cold room, if possible. It is also recommended to throw dark pink solution of potassium permanganate. And not showering for a few days. Usually it stops further spread of the disease. To "black leg" did not appear again, decontaminate your soil for seedlings (proprivate steam or pour boiling water) and take it in the checked place, because the pathogen of this disease is long lived in the soil.

There is a disease of cabbage as kila. In seedlings it manifests itself as a thickening on the roots. If such a seedling is planted in the ground, eventually it will begin to wither. The leaves will turn yellow and then the sprouts will die. To treat her anymore, the fight against Clubroot is prevention. This soil treatment with chloride of lime after harvest, the mandatory rotation on the site and presowing treatment of seeds.


Cabbage killed by poor care



Cabbage likes moisture, but in reasonable quantities. If you pour the seedlings, most likely it will die because the roots simply rot. Also the cabbage you can't overdry, especially a few days after planting in the garden. She's afraid of sunlight, cover the planting with a thin acrylic. This is such a non-woven material, good pervious to light and air, and even moisture. By the way, the acrylic will help, and from cruciferous flea beetles. After the consolidation of the seedling shelter remove.


Advice 2: Why cabbage black leg

"Black leg disease of cabbage, which affects mainly seedlings growing in a greenhouse or greenhouses. The first symptoms is darkening and curvature of the stem, then it is thinning, due to which the plant podrumyanitsya and die. The causative agent of "black legs" - soil fungi, infection occurs only through the soil.
Why cabbage black leg

Most often this disease is observed on cabbage planted too close to each other. To provoke the disease can also over-watering of seedlings and delay in airing greenhouses. Most often the disease manifests itself in small pockets, over time these lesions grow, and will smite all the seedlings.

Black leg of cabbage: how to deal

To protect cabbage seedlings from this disease, you need to look after it correctly, namely:

- to decontaminate the soil;

- to provide a normal temperature mode;

- to prevent stagnant water and dryness of the soil;

- to provide good food;

- to prevent thickening.

When planting cabbage in the greenhouse must be carefully culled seedlings: not fit all the representatives that have even the slightest signs of disease. As mentioned above, infection of "blackleg" is solely through the soil, so the main measure of disease - disinfection or a complete change of the earth. Since the change of the earth - the process is quite time-consuming, many growers often affected disinfect the soil with formalin solution. This drug has worked well in combating this infection.

For the prevention of disease plants should occasionally be watered and spray solutions with the addition of drugs sulfuric group. The good alternative is colloidal sulfur (10 g per 10 liters of water). If the seedlings have already seen the first foci of the disease, the course is better to take preparations containing metalaxyl, mefenoxam or oxadixyl.

Advice 3: Treatment of cabbage from pests folk remedies

Cabbage is a favorite food of many insects, so all the farmers to avoid crop losses, forced to carry out measures of protection from pests. Some gardeners for processing cabbage using purchased chemicals, but most folk are turning to proven tools.
How to handle cabbages from pests with folk remedies

There are many insects that like to feast on the succulent leaves of the cabbage. Moreover, the damage of some pests go unnoticed until until the vegetables are eaten. That is, with the mind of cabbage large and clean, and when you remove the first few sheets, it becomes clear that she is almost eaten to the stalks and not suitable to eat.

Currently there are many types of insect pests of cabbage, one of the most common are slugs, cruciferous flea beetles, cabbage aphids, butterflies butterflies, cabbage moths, and larvae of the cabbage fly and moth. For example, the cabbage moths are very fond of cauliflower, they penetrate into the head of the vegetable, eating it, leave it in their feces. Naturally, any farmer does not want to lose their harvest, so they are looking for effective solutions to problems that will save the cabbage from certain pests.

Than handle the cabbage and cauliflower from pests

Many pests are deterred decoctions of strong-smelling plants, for example, wormwood, tomato leaves, tansy, celandine and others. Make a decoction (concentrated), cool it and sprinkle the vegetables and the ground around the cabbage.

Scare away the butterflies of pierids will help the following method: Narva wormwood, chop it finely and scatter around the cabbage. The method is working and you can be sure it, but only until such time as wormwood is dry (usually 3-5 days). The procedure can be repeated unlimited number of times.

Has proven useful in combating pests of onion peel. It can be used to prepare the broth for spraying, but you can wet the husks to decompose in the aisles of cabbage. The decoction is prepared as follows: take a liter bottle of husk, poured five liters of water, brought to a boil and cooled. The broth can be used for spraying, the husks to decompose in the beds.

To protect cabbages from slugs, scatter slaked lime between the rows of cabbage (you can substitute lime, dolomite flour). For spraying cabbage is a slurry made from water and dry mustard (about 10-12 liters of water - 100 grams of mustard). Pollination soil tobacco dust not only repels slugs, but also of many other pests.

Is quite successful fights with the cruciferous flea beetle and caterpillars vinegar solution. In 10 liters of water, dissolve a glass of 9% vinegar and spray the mixture to the cabbage. Processing spend a Sunny day, and to secure the result, repeat the procedure a week later.

Advice 4: How to transplant cabbage

Novice gardeners often have difficulty transplanting the cabbage seedlings: planted in the ground plants often die, causing a lot of grief and hassle. The reason may be in the wrong transplant.
How to transplant cabbage
You will need
  • - shovel;
  • - humus;
  • - mineral fertilizers.
Instruction
1
To avoid such unfortunate situations, you need to approach the cultivation of cabbage very seriously. Prepared according to the rules of the seedlings to endure the transplant. After the appearance of two true leaves, the seedlings need to raspikirovat. For this purpose a pencil in moist soil to make a vertical hole and drop it in the root, buried the plant up to the cotyledons and trying not to damage the spine. The soil around to seal with your hands.
2
It is important to prevent thickening of the seedlings to avoid fungal infections and black legs. In this disease the stem of the cabbage dries up between the root and the cotyledon leaves and the plant dies or forms a curved stem. If the seedlings are stretched after the pick, you need to pour the ground to the base of the first leaf.
3
No less important is to prepare the soil and fertilize. Cabbages like alkaline soil, so you need to make the lime and potash to 1 tsp in each hole (can be replaced with a handful of wood ash). This will keep the cabbage from kila – a dangerous disease of the roots where the seedling also killed. It is important to observe the crop rotation and not plant the cabbage in the old place. The plants will be bad to feel after other crucifers: radish, radish, turnip.
4
The hole you need to dig to a depth of bayonet spade, the roots of the plant fits in it. When planting be sure that the spine is not bent up. It is impossible to fill the earth and growth point – the place where cabbage throws out new leaves. The stem also need to fill the earth, and buried the lower leaves. In such conditions it formed new roots and the development head will get more power.
5
The distance between the seedlings should be 60x50cm, late 70х60см to avoid excessive shading. When transplanting should be abundantly shed the hole with water (at least 1-1,5 l), and after falling asleep the roots of the ground to compact the soil.
6
To avoid excessive evaporation of moisture will help mulch the soil under the plant to fill with compost, rotted sawdust or peat. Transplant cabbage need evenings, better to do it in cloudy weather. When the weather is hot, after landing a need pritenyat plants. You can use the means at hand: the leaves of burdock, leaky bucket, non-woven covering material, etc.
7
Another danger lurks cabbage seedlings after transplanting the cabbage flea. While cabbage is not grown, need twice a day watering it and loosen the soil, and also sprayed with insecticide. "Corado", "Commander". If the farmer has a negative attitude to the use of chemicals, you need to sprinkle the cabbage wood ashes, taking care as it can cause leaf burn.
Useful advice
Fertilizing is an important step in the cultivation of cabbage. For this you can prepare a solution consisting of compost, ash, and dry bird droppings, wait for the mass ferment and to water the plants at the root . For the season but just 1-2 irrigations to obtain a good harvest.

Advice 5: How to freeze cabbage

The range of frozen vegetables is always present in the sale of frozen cauliflower. People are willing to buy it, although it is not difficult to make these supplies themselves, when the cabbage is sold in abundance in season in the market.
How to freeze cabbage
You will need
  • Cauliflower, Brussels sprouts or kohlrabi;
  • Freezer quick freezing (-18°C);
  • Containers or bags to store in the freezer.
Instruction
1
Put the cauliflower on a cutting table, and then remove the dark green leaves.
Gently separate the head into individual florets (Kocheshkov). Remove the extra coarse stems, leaving only 1.5-2 cm from the inflorescence.
2
In a saucepan, pour water and bring it to a boil. small portions put in boiling water color of the cabbage and blanch it for no more than 3 minutes.
3
With a slotted spoon, lay each portion of the cabbage in a colander to water glass. After that, it is advisable to lay it on a clean kitchen towel to dry.
4
Sort the dried from the water of the inflorescence of cabbage in portions on one preparation and place in bags or storage containers in the freezer
Lay thus prepared cabbage inside the freezer, not piling them to the freezing has passed as quickly as possible.
Store thus Kale can the entire winter.
How to freeze <strong>cabbage</strong>
Note
Freeze a other varieties of cabbage: Brussels or kohlrabi, shinkovannuyu cubes. Cabbage can be frozen for future use in processed foods (cabbage rolls or stuffed cabbage), because it is in freezing loses its crispy properties.
Useful advice
You can also put in the freezer inflorescences of cabbage without pre-blanching, it will slightly lengthen the cooking time from frozen cabbage.

Advice 6: How to cook cabbage soup

The cabbage soup is one of the most common soups in Central Russia. Ready soup to fill with tomato sauce or sour cream. If you want to give the cabbage soup with fresh cabbage, spicy acid, when warming up soup, add a few tablespoons of brine from sauerkraut.
How to cook cabbage soup
Instruction
1
Rinse the piece of meat under the tap with cold water. Clean off excess fat and films. A bone chop in several places. Put the meat in a pot of cold water, close the lid and place on high heat. Bring to a boil. Make a smaller fire, do not let the broth boil. Foam remove with a slotted spoon. 10 minutes before readiness add Bay leaf, salt and black pepper.
An hour and a half the broth off, get the meat in a bowl, and sieve the broth. Separate the meat from bones and cut into pieces.
2
Remove the creased and dirty upper leaves of cabbage. Cut the cabbage into four pieces, remove the stalk. Shred cabbage in long, narrow strips. Put it in the strained broth and put on fire.
3
Peel the onions and carrots. Finely chop the onion and grate carrot on a coarse grater. Heat the vegetable oil in a frying pan. Put the oil, grated carrots, fry a few minutes so that the carrots made the juice. Add the onion. Continue to sauté vegetables until onions are transparent and the carrots soft. Avoid burning the onions or carrots.
4
Wash the potatoes, scrape or clean off his skin and dice it.
Rinse under water and clean the parsley root and celery root. Cut them into cubes.
5
Put in a pot of boiling broth and cabbage, the browned onions and carrots, sliced potatoes, parsley, celery and cooked meat. Cook for 15 minutes.
Tomatoes scald with boiling water and remove the thin skins. Finely chop and add to the soup five minutes before the end of cooking.
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