Advice 1: How to apply to the constitutional court of the Russian Federation

The constitutional court is the highest judicial authority, which should supervise the compliance of laws and regulations of the current Constitution of the Russian Federation. In Russia, this legal authority has been working for 21 years. In the year experts of the court of review hundreds of applications. However, not all of them are written competently.


How to apply to the constitutional court of the Russian Federation
Instruction
1
The appeal to the constitutional court of the Russian Federation it is specified. To begin, write the header, which specifies the name of the judicial authority where you are applying, i.e. the constitutional court of the Russian Federation. Next, specify the applicant and complete information about it - the initials, postal address, preferably with the index.
2
If an appeal is filed from a private individual, and the organization, in line, in which you must specify information about the applicant, write to the information Commissioner on the complaint of the person. Be sure to specify its position.
3
Next, shall describe the essence of your appeal. This should be information about the name and legal address of the state body which adopted the disputed decision or issued the act or document that needs to be checked. About the next paragraph, consult with a competent lawyer, because next you need to specify the articles and the provisions of the Constitution, which, in your opinion, have been violated. Actually, this will explain why you appealed to the higher court.
4
To the court it was easier to work with your application, be sure to include as much information about the disputed document title, number, date when it was adopted, publication source and other data that you know about this paper.
5
Clear, detailed and simply list the applicant's position on the issue. But note that all your arguments must be supported by appropriate references to those or other legal acts or articles of laws. Next, specify your requirements. As a conclusion, specify a list attached to the application documents, evidence in your favor.
6
As the attached documents you can use the text of the act, which should be subject to verification; power of attorney, if the plaintiff's interests in court are represented by the Plenipotentiary representative; receipt of payment of the state fee; and a certified translated documents if the complaint or the materials attached thereto, written in a foreign language.
7
All these papers should be applied to the treatment of original and copies in the amount of 30 pieces in case they are served from the entity. Citizens of the same number of copies reduced to 3 pieces.
8
The size of state duty payable is 300 R.

Advice 2 : What matters are considered by the constitutional court

In modern Russia, many courts dealing with criminal, civil and arbitration cases, delivery of judgements and decisions, satisfaction of claims or denials of them. But there is another trial studying and evaluating the case associated exclusively with the observance of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, monitors compliance with state regulations. It is called Constitutional.

The solidity of the constitutional court is in the interior of the hall for meetings

The walls of the White house


Born in October 1991, the Russian constitutional court (constitutional court) immediately became involved in the struggle between President Boris Yeltsin and his former allies, and then enemies Alexander Rutskoi and Ruslan Khasbulatov. Let no attack on the White house in Moscow, or in his defense, the court did not participate, but his head Valery Zorkin was one of those who attended the negotiations on the withdrawal from the constitutional crisis. Prepared Zorkin and the text of the agreement Yeltsin opponents, perhaps saved many lives.


Exactly, the COP recommended the delay amendment, substantially restricting powers of the President of the country, before a nationwide referendum in April of ' 93. And the parties to the conflict, Russia threatened a new Civil war, with him then agreed. However, the peace did not last long. By the way, anti-President of the court's decisions before it happened, in October 1993 the tragic events in Moscow, Boris Yeltsin was estimated that negatively. While dismissing the court soon created another. Under the new law, judges were denied the right to consider cases on their own initiative and to assess the constitutionality of political and legislative actions of the first persons of the country and the parties.


Legal authority


A list of cases that can adjudicate 19 Russian judges, is limited by article 125 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. Procedure exclusively motivated by the needs of the President and the government, Federation Council and State Duma, Supreme and Supreme arbitration court of Russia, bodies of legislative and Executive authorities of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, who wishes to check for compliance with the Constitution:
- Federal laws;
- other by the President, government and deputies of the Federation Council and State Duma regulations;
The Constitution and other normative documents of the republics and oblasts of the Russian Federation concerning issues of state power;
- treaties between Federal authorities and constituent entities of the Russian Federation;
- international treaties countries that have not entered into force.


In addition, the court may consider disputes on competence between state authorities, between state authorities of subjects of Federation, between the latter and the similar Federal. In the power of the constitutional court also includes the interpretation of the Constitution and review the constitutionality of the law, which the court called a reasonable complaint of the citizen. For example, in June 2014, the constitutional court has examined the constitutionality of part 11 of article 3 of the law "On military pay and provide them with separate payments" and acknowledged that some of its provisions violate the constitutional rights of citizens. Then recommended to the legislator to change the mechanism of compensation for material harm to the family members of the deceased soldier, other than his parents or relatives, but having equal rights with them.


"High-profile" case


The constitutional court — most probably the "quiet" court in the country. There are no prosecutors and lawyers, defendants and convoy, and decisions while not subject to appeal or revision, but in the rigid form of the sentence clothed. However, the number of cases that were considered in the COP, it is possible to call "loud". So, in 1993, the COP concluded that the activities of Boris Yeltsin as President contrary to the Constitution. Under this decision, the Supreme Council voted for termination of powers of Boris Yeltsin, their transition to the Vice-President and the convening of an Extraordinary Congress. And soon at the White house, where he barricaded himself Rutskoi, Khasbulatov, President of the opposition MPs and their supporters, opened fire with tanks...


In 1995, the new composition of the constitutional court confirmed the legality of the greater part of the acts of Boris Yeltsin, trying thus to stop the war in Chechnya and to restore the Constitution of the country. And in 2014, the COP refused to consider the complaint of a resident of Togliatti Dmitry Tretyakov that the Supreme court did not accept his claim about the unconstitutionality of the dissolution of the USSR by decision of the Council of republics of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on 26 December 1991.
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