In Russia cultivated flax is of three types - dolgunets, muzeumok and Curley. The most common is flax-dolgunets, as it has the longest spinning fiber - to 120 cm.
The soil in which to grow flax, in need of liming. Before sowing the soil should be carefully levelled and firmed.
For 2-6 months (depending on humidity) flax seeds are pickled, after which the flax is sown in srednevasanta time when the upper layer of the soil warms up to 6-8 degrees Celsius.
The most common method of seeding flax is narrow, with aisles of a width of about 7.5 cm.
The best sowing depth of seeds of flax are from 1.5 to 3 cm.
Care of flax implies poslevoennoe compacting, destruction of soil cover, weed control, and pest control (special attention should be paid to the protection against flax flea is the most dangerous pest for this crop), the prevention of losses from lodging, treatment with drugs for drying flax on the vine.
The most difficult period in the flax - flax. Her plan with this account is to collect not only fiber, but also the seeds which is necessary for the further sowing and for processing into flax oil. Thus, the optimal harvesting period is considered a phase of early yellow ripeness of flax.
The ripening phase is defined by the length of the stem, freed from the leaves, the color of the Boll and seeds contained in them.
The optimum time of harvesting is 10-12 days.
It should be remembered that for optimal cultivation of flax, it is necessary to repeat the sowing in the same field, 5-6 years, otherwise, there comes linotalens. To avoid this it is recommended to alternate the crops of flax from the sowing of winter grain, spring wheat.