You will need
- - birch;
- - ash or larch;
- - the Horny plates;
- - tendon or fiberglass;
- - a nylon cord;
- - fish glue;
- - tools for work with wood;
- - press;
- - the knife.
Prepare materials for the manufacture of a composite bow. You will need a piece of birch and ash, and thin bark. Better to take a birch tree growing in the lowlands; it has a straight trunk with a small number of knots. I cut down a tree use the Northern part, having a more dense fiber. Ash can replace larch.
If you are not able to get the tendons of animals, replace them with fiberglass. However, old masters used the tendon of a horse, cow or mountain goat. They were separated from carcasses, dried to give the product transparency. Then the tendons on the anvil was split into fibers and separated into strands with a thickness of about millimeter.
Of ox horn make the Horny plate. They serve as buffer strips, allowing to accumulate and store the energy of a stretched string. Dried horns sawed lengthwise, cook in boiling water and place under a heavy press to dry and straightening.
Manufacture the five parts of the base bowand: the middle part, two shoulders and two tail element. The basic material for the Mongol bowand the birch in combination with other types of wood (larch or ash). While birch layers use the convex part of the bow, and the ash or the larch – for the concave. The total length of the bowand shall be not less than 70 cm.
Enter each component of the bowand of several layers. Between the layers of wood lay in three successive layers of tendons (fiberglass) and horn plates. Layers of material connect the fish or hide glue.
After gluing layers of each part of the onionand assemble the product together. Five parts fasten with glue in the four connecting points. For greater strength gently bend the joints a wrapping of thin nylon cord. Outside protect the joints from moisture with a thin layer of birch bark.
All work on the bonding of the components of the bowand swipe effortlessly, making sure the quality of the connection. After complete Assembly of bow put to dry in a vertical position. The drying time can range from six months to a year. Now pull the bow string; use core, or durable, not amenable to the stretching the thread made of artificial materials.
Advice 2: How to make a small bow
Small wooden bow – arms of ancient and cosmopolitan. Modern versions of bow hunters use today. Models made according to the old technologies used in the recovery of historical events. Respectable adult men are not averse to run in the fields and forests with genuine childlike excitement, remembering bow from a branch, with whom he played a long time ago.
You will need
- - wooden blank 400-50-30;
- - lamel;
- - nylon rope;
- - furniture bolts 2 pieces 50 mm, 2 PCs 25 mm;
- - stameska;
- - saw or jigsaw;
- - emery cloth.
For the handle make a nice piece of wood with dimensions 400-50-30 mm. It must be without knots, with layers along the long side. Suitable beech, birch and other solid woods. Or find it in the hardware store the right size ax.
Shoulders the bow easier to make lamellas. This material is a flexible veneer, layers of several varieties of wood go along. Look for it in companies that make furniture, or in the warehouses of the hardware. For the string suitable nylon yarn, which are sold in the departments for anglers, with a thickness of 0.5 mm.
A stick for the handle put a pencil in the form of this part. Saw pattern saw, a jigsaw or a chisel. Sanded the handle you can then when you fit it to the onions. Make a shelf on the side, which is your dominant hand (Lefty – left righty – right). Arrows mark the top and bottom of the handle.
Calculate the length of the shoulders, it depends on the overall bow length minus 200 mm at the hilt, the rest of the inches divide in half. Don't do bow length less than 120 cm, as the bending angle of the shoulders will be too big and such a product will quickly fail. If you are limited to the length of the slats, do it to the maximum.
The billet slats markup in the following way: each edge mark at 15 mm obliquely, mark the location of the cut. We split the workpiece into two parts. With a pencil draw a smooth transition of width from 15 mm to 30-35 mm. Fold the blanks one upon the other, clamp in a vise and bring the plane to a high degree of "sameness".
The groove under the string to make the distance of 1-3 cm from the narrow end of the arm. Drill the holes for the bolts to handle 50 mm and 25 mm. In the arm to drill the bolt holes 50 mm., the Shoulders attach to the handle on long bolts, take the rope, make her a bow, but do not pull. Your goal is to center the shoulders. Align them so that the rope passed right in the middle of the handle. Mark the short bolts on the handle. Remove the shoulders, drill the holes for 25 mm fasteners. Assemble all the pieces.
Take the cloth and handle all the details, to avoid burrs and irregularities. If you have a cautery device, you can make an ornament, or using Celtic designs. But in decorating valid complete creative freedom. Impregnate the wood by means that protect against rot. The varnish is not very suitable, since the bow is not static and the varnish will crack from the constant bending.
Between the string and the grip distance should be about 20 cm nylon Pull rope with a thickness of 3-4 mm, do the loop on each side and slip into groove. First slide the loop of string over one shoulder bow, but not the propyl, and more. Then hook the string to the second shoulder, already in the designated groove. Abut this shoulder to the floor and insert the first loop in propyl.