You will need
- - ultrasound examination;
- - fine-needle biopsy.
A fairly accurate method of detection of the cyst is by ultrasound. To clarify the diagnosis carried out fine-needle biopsy, allows to obtain a fabric of the walls and the liquid component of the cyst for her research.
Dizontogeneticheskie cysts almost 100% of cases are congenital. The cyst cavity can be filled with derivatives germ layer – skin, teeth, hair, bones. Treatment – operative.
Neoplastic cysts tend to occur in the glandular organs – cystic lymphangioma, cystic adenoma of the salivary glands, etc. Cause the formation of neoplastic cysts is the metabolic disorder and the formation of a multi-chamber cavities in the growing tumor tissue. Treatment – surgery.
The contents of a parasitic cyst is a larval stage of the tapeworm (tapeworm, cysticerci). Treatment is its surgical removal.
The cause of education ramolitsionnye cyst is softening and resorption of dead tissue in the foci of its immobilization. The wall of the cyst is formed by the body tissue in which it is located. Later replaced by connective tissue. This kind of testoobraznaja is most often found in spinal cord and brain, and tumors.
Also ramolitsionnye cyst include cyst of the corpus luteum of the ovaries, bone cyst when osteoblastoma, fibrous osteitis. With a small amount of this type of cyst need conservative observation in case of infection - surgery.
Ritenzione cysts called purchased. Found in glandular secretory organs. Their appearance provokes a difficulty or cessation of outflow gland secretion due to obstruction, compression by a tumor or scar. Accumulating secret stretches the cavity of sebaceous, mucous, or watery contents. So formed cysts sebaceous, salivary, and mammary glands, follicular cyst of ovary, prostate and pancreas etc.
The sooner the cyst is discovered and assigned adequate treatment, the less risk of serious damage to health and the emergence of highly dangerous diseases.
A particular danger of the cyst present in the case of their fast increase, degeneration to malignancy.