In accordance with applicable on the territory of the Russian Federation building norms and rules, building codes, and in particular SNiP 31-01-2003 "residential apartment Buildings", the area of the buildings is set equal to the square of the horizontal section at the outer contour of the building at the level of the cap. It takes into account all protruding parts of the building with floors – balconies, terraces, galleries, verandahs and porticos. If there are architectural details of the building based on the pillars, they are also included in the common area of his building.
Due to the fact that at the present time in many localities already operate rules of land use and developmentthat establish the boundaries of the various territorial zones, it is necessary to correctly identify the area of development. It is a regulated quantity and for each zone has its own value. For warehouse areas it is greater, for residential construction less.
The maximum permitted percent of building within the borders of this land plot is defined as the ratio of the sum of the squares of construction of all buildings to the total land area. To know this ratio, you need to have a plan of building your site, or plans of each building erected on it.
If the structures are erected for architectural projects, all the necessary dimensions you can determine them because they are floor plans with dimensions, including the outer walls. In that case, if you do not know the size of the buildings and structures on the site, order a topographical survey, their surveyors doing measurements on the outer contour of the buildings. Get a topographic plan of the site. Since all topographical scheme at present are created using special GIS software, the area of construction of each building will be counted automatically. Just ask to specify it in the diagram.
Advice 2 : How to determine the area of the building
Under the General areau built building means the total area of its elements, including floors, attics, technical rooms, stairways, Elevator shafts and others.
Under the building refers to ground-based structure with internal rooms of various purposes. The value of the total area of the building is the sum of the values of the area of each building (measurements are subject to furnish of internal surfaces of walls and floors excluding skirting boards) and the areas of balconies, loggias, galleries, verandas and attics. Also includes the area of atriums and Elevator shafts, but only within one floor. Square underground, technical and communication space less than 1.8 metres in total area are not included. Neither is the space for Parking floor. There are also useful area, floor area, building area, commercial area and residential area of the building.
The useful area of the building is the sum of the areas of all areas including rooms, hallways, lobby and balconies. The calculation does not include: square, stairwells, Elevator shafts, ramps.
The construction area of the building is square in horizontal cross section along the external perimeter of the building, calculated according to the level of the cap and including all protruding parts. Also in the area of construction included the roads under construction and the area of the ground floor if it is built on poles.
The store area is the sum of the areas of all premises related to the sale of goods and customer service. This trading rooms, facilities for the issuance and registration of orders, delivery Department, and space for additional services and places of public catering (cafes, restaurants, fast food).
The living area of the houses is determined by the sum of the areas of all dwellings excluding built-in wardrobes. Is measured with respect to the internal decoration and partitions, excluding baseboards.
If the building is multi-storey, and the floors uneven for different parts of the building, it is considered floor area for each section.