In accordance with applicable on the territory of the Russian Federation building norms and rules, building codes, and in particular SNiP 31-01-2003 "residential apartment Buildings", the area of the buildings is set equal to the square of the horizontal section at the outer contour of the building at the level of the cap. It takes into account all protruding parts of the building with floors – balconies, terraces, galleries, verandahs and porticos. If there are architectural details of the building based on the pillars, they are also included in the common area of his building.
Due to the fact that at the present time in many localities already operate rules of land use and developmentthat establish the boundaries of the various territorial zones, it is necessary to correctly identify the area of development. It is a regulated quantity and for each zone has its own value. For warehouse areas it is greater, for residential construction less.
The maximum permitted percent of building within the borders of this land plot is defined as the ratio of the sum of the squares of construction of all buildings to the total land area. To know this ratio, you need to have a plan of building your site, or plans of each building erected on it.
If the structures are erected for architectural projects, all the necessary dimensions you can determine them because they are floor plans with dimensions, including the outer walls. In that case, if you do not know the size of the buildings and structures on the site, order a topographical survey, their surveyors doing measurements on the outer contour of the buildings. Get a topographic plan of the site. Since all topographical scheme at present are created using special GIS software, the area of construction of each building will be counted automatically. Just ask to specify it in the diagram.
Advice 2: How to determine the area of the building
Under the General areau built building means the total area of its elements, including floors, attics, technical rooms, stairways, Elevator shafts and others.
Under the building refers to ground-based structure with internal rooms of various purposes. The value of the total area of the building is the sum of the values of the area of each building (measurements are subject to furnish of internal surfaces of walls and floors excluding skirting boards) and the areas of balconies, loggias, galleries, verandas and attics. Also includes the area of atriums and Elevator shafts, but only within one floor. Square underground, technical and communication space less than 1.8 metres in total area are not included. Neither is the space for Parking floor. There are also useful area, floor area, building area, commercial area and residential area of the building.
The useful area of the building is the sum of the areas of all areas including rooms, hallways, lobby and balconies. The calculation does not include: square, stairwells, Elevator shafts, ramps.
The construction area of the building is square in horizontal cross section along the external perimeter of the building, calculated according to the level of the cap and including all protruding parts. Also in the area of construction included the roads under construction and the area of the ground floor if it is built on poles.
The store area is the sum of the areas of all premises related to the sale of goods and customer service. This trading rooms, facilities for the issuance and registration of orders, delivery Department, and space for additional services and places of public catering (cafes, restaurants, fast food).
The living area of the houses is determined by the sum of the areas of all dwellings excluding built-in wardrobes. Is measured with respect to the internal decoration and partitions, excluding baseboards.
If the building is multi-storey, and the floors uneven for different parts of the building, it is considered floor area for each section.
Advice 3: What distinguishes the area from residential
When a person is faced with sale or purchase of an apartment, it is necessary to have an idea about its parameters and characteristics. One of the main parameters include the size of the apartment, and not just the area, and one that is common and that which is considered residential. They will never be equal and the total area is always greater than residential. Even without seeing the apartment in these two parameters is already possible to form a first impression. So they often are specified in the description of the apartments offered for sale.
The definition of total area
Because the parameter total area refers to the main characteristics of the apartment, its definition can be found in the housing code. In paragraph 5 of article 15 States that it is the sum of the squares of all parts detached dwelling. It includes areas of rooms and area of the premises having an auxiliary function, for example, storerooms, and dressing rooms. However, the area of the exterior parts of the premises: terraces, balconies and loggias in the General area, according to LCD, not included.
The definition of "living space" in the LCD is not this, but when calculus is applied such normative document "regulations on conducting accounting of the housing Fund in the Russian Federation" approved by order of Minnestoa No. 37 dated 04.08.1998 g. At this instruction in the total area included the area of loggias, balconies and terraces, but lowering factors, to he equal to 0.5 loggias, balconies and terraces – 0,3. Since 2005, the guide was aligned with the LCD and the premises to account for the total area are not used. Porches and unheated storage rooms are included in total area in its full size. Residential area statement defines a term as all residential premises in the apartment.
Total living area of the apartment
Thus, when calculating the total area takes into account all rooms in the apartment: rooms, toilets, bathrooms, corridors and passages, kitchen, vestibules, closets, cold storage and inter-floor stairs, if apartments duplex. Of them as residential will be taken into account only the area of the rooms.
Quantitative characterization of living space never used for calculations for housing-utilities it is common area of the apartment. But this notion sometimes found in agreements of participation in shared construction. In their description of the purchased equity holders of the apartment is based on data from project documentation. These contracts also specify what area, public or residential, is the basis for the calculation of the cost of the apartment. If the basis of calculation of – living area, this increases the cost per square meter, so often developers to determine the value of a shared area in order to attract investors. But with a large square footage of outbuildings holders, ultimately, can give the rent more money. If you are going to buy an apartment on the basis of equity participation, will pay attention to this nuance in order to choose the more beneficial option for you.