Each type of arthritis is different reasons. It can be failures in the immune system, infections, diseases of the nervous system, hypothermia, metabolic disorders and injuries.
The most common cause of inflammation and, as a consequence, lesions of the joints, is infection. After penetration into an organism of viruses and harmful bacteria, activates a defense mechanism - the immune system. Then begins to produce special immune complexes, but if the human immune system disturbances occur, substances produced too much. And then they start along with harmful bacteria destroy the useful and also attack the joints. This usually occurs infectious arthritis. As reactive arthritis is a complication of another disease - pneumonia, angina, etc.
Another type of arthritis is traumatic. It arises and develops after various injuries with damage to the joints or systematic or excessive loads on them. It should be borne in mind that the constant micro-traumas very often leads to arthritis. The mechanical factor of degenerative-dystrophic lesions of the joints can also cause of the disease. It is now established that the insidious disease is prevalent in people of different professions. For example, tailors, masseurs and hairdressers mainly suffers from arthritis of the fingers. And the workers of heavy physical labor is often found in arthritis of the spine. Also, this disease develops in people with overweight. We know that high body weight is considered as an increase in the load on the joints. Along with all of the above to traumatic arthritis lead: congenital hip dislocation, chronic inflammation, intra-articular or periarticular fractures.
The cause of osteoarthritis (the most common form of arthritis) become long-term exercise, in which the cartilage grows old and collapses. They can be associated with professional sports, work, overweight, genetic predisposition or trauma of the joints.
Another cause of joint diseases and arthritis - diseases of the nervous system. Many patients diagnosed with "arthritis", it is clear there are symptoms such as impaired vascular tone and nutrition of the bones, as well as symmetrical lesions of the joints, which indicates direct involvement of the nervous system.
Along with the reasons mentioned above, the disease is provoked by:
- change reactivity, Allergy and autoallergy entailing inflammatory diseases of the joints, primarily nonspecific polyarthritis (there are many other infectious arthritis allergic forms of tuberculosis, dysentery, gonorrheal);
- impaired function of the endocrine glands, which cause the development of endocrine arthritis (confirmed by the fact that women in menopause occur rheumatoid and degenerative arthritis);
genetic predisposition, poor diet, overweight, alcohol consumption and large amounts of protein, leading to gouty arthritis;
- change the immune mechanisms, due to stress, stress and infections that lead to rheumatoid arthritis.
Prevention of this disease is to eliminate the causes of disease. Infectious arthritis is the maximum decrease of the probability in the joint cavity biological poisons released by insect bites. The development of traumatic arthritis can be prevented by just notifying yourself of injury. To protect yourself from them, you should use special protective equipment (knee pads, elbow pads, etc.). Optimization of physical activity according to age, sex and body weight, will be the prevention of osteoarthritis. The possibility of development of gout will reduce the partial or complete exclusion from the diet of sugar, alcohol, legumes, crab and red meat. Regular strengthening the body and increasing the immunity, help prevent rheumatoid arthritis. And timely treatment of the primary pathology, attention to their health and compliance with doctor's appointments - an excellent prevention of reactive arthritis.