In April, in Central Russia you can plant the seedlings flower crops such as:
Brachicoma. Compact (20cm) plant of the Aster family, little known in Russia. Blooms after 70 days from germination of seeds. You can plant the seeds in may in the soil, but also flowering then it will be later.
Dahlias. Sowing organized in loose fertile soil. Seeds germinate after a week. Pick individual pots preferred and will give plenty of blooms.
Hypoestes, beautiful foliage plant, used for decoration of flower beds and arrangements. The seeds are not demanding, germinate quickly, like moist soil. For compactness of the bushes need to pinch off the tops at the stage of seedlings.
Gomfrena. Belongs to the family amaranth. Seeds germinate about two weeks at a temperature of 18 20 ° C... The seedlings grow slowly.
Peas fragrant. Before sowing seeds are soaked for a day, floated in the water empties discarded. Germinate about two weeks. It is better to sow in individual pots. The appearance of the third leaf doing the nipping the top.
Kleoma. Seeds long to germinate, about 2...3 weeks, therefore, it is preferable to process them stimulants. Shoots I'm afraid the extra moisture in the soil. Plants have a taproot, so it is necessary to spend early picks.
Kochia. Seeds germinate in the light, the seedlings do not tolerate excessive moisture in the soil (rooting blackleg).
Matricaria (Tanacetum). The double varieties are hard to germinate in the soil, so growing them using seedlings makes sense. Seeds at 18...20 ° C germinate within 1 or 2 weeks. The seedlings I'm afraid the extra moisture and can hurt. Have a good root system and transplant react positively. The plant is undemanding, abundant and long lasting flowering.
Mesembryanthemum. Low-growing carpet plant. The seeds are very small. The sowing surface. The emergence of seedlings was uneven from one week to three to four weeks. Slow-growing seedlings. Fans of the Northern areas need to grow only through seedlings.
Mirabis, or "night beauty". The seeds are enclosed in a very thick shell, so before planting them either soaked or slightly hurt (nadpilivayut). Plants react negatively to increased acidity in the soil and excess watering.
Salpiglossis (schizanthus). Growing seedlings is similar to growing petunias.
Tobacco scented. Very small seeds. Sowing on the soil surface. A friendly shoots at moderate temperature of 18...20oC for 10 -- 14 days. Plants with time good gain growth, so dive seedlings need, with the appearance of these leaves.
Marigolds (tagetis). From germination of seeds to flowering is 70...80 days. If you wish to have blooming marigolds, grow them through seedlings at home, in the greenhouse. Seeds germinate in a week.
Chrysanthemum. Using seedlings grown annuals and perennials. Children of the same age can be sown in may in the garden, but flowering will be late and short, especially in the Northern regions of Russia. Chrysanthemums are sick of fungal diseases, so it is important to organize proper irrigation and land before sowing pre-treated with potassium permanganate. Seedlings appear in about two weeks.
Zinnia. Seeds are large and usually the problems with growing seedlings there. Strong seedlings, germinate within a week, with the appearance of true leaves, they dive into the pots. If the seedling is pulled, it can be sunk up to the cotyledon leaves.
Best days for sowing, planting and transplanting of flowers according to the lunar calendar in April 2015:
Flowers from seed– 1...3, 23, 24, 28...30 APR.
Flowers from the bulbs 6, 7 and 11 April.
Unsuccessful planting days in April - 12...14, 18 April
Advice 2: What perennial flowers grow in the middle lane
Choose perennials according to the method of hibernation
The growth and development of perennial flowers in Central Russia is limited to only the warm period of the year in contrast to the tropics and subtropics. Although heat-loving perennials, wintering in the form of bulbs and tubers, can grow in fairly cold climate. Main concern – time to dig them and clean underground. From cold-hardy species, there are two: those that overwinter with maintaining their ground, and those who have it for the winter dies.
Perennial flowers the first group to meet in the middle latitudes is almost impossible. Despite the fact that these perennials are so many choices for the middle band is limited only by the hellebore, periwinkle, Yucca and bergenia. Unpretentious peonies are reborn every spring from the tree with powerful roots, which requires transplantation of up to 20 years. The life of the flowers themselves won't last as long but they are good in bed, and in a cut bouquet. This group include all types of daylilies, phloxes, irises, lupine, and delphinium.
How to spend the winter with comfort
Rose is also unable for several years to please owners of its flowering, if you provide them with protection in the winter. Enough to trim a rose Bush at the end of October, leaving the stems 10-15 cm, Spud him. For reliability you can sprinkle fallen leaves or sawdust. But only do not hurry to lay flowers at the first light frosts – it can destroy the plant. In the middle lane of the roses overwinter much better than in Siberia and the Urals, but if you have no experience in farming, it is best to start with hardy varieties: "Park", "Floribunda". Climbing roses will also root, but they require skillful pruning. To pink vines delivered less hassle, do not have to choose varieties of own-rooted and grafted to the hips.
In terms of winter shelter grows well in Central clematis, shelters require some types of Oriental lilies, Korean chrysanthemum. For the middle band is recommended clematis with small flowers. It is more cold-resistant. You can do much easier and to pick up such plants, which do not assert claims for wet weather and frost. "Palm" can be given a decorative flowering shrubs: lilac, barberry, hydrangea, spirea and many others. Unassuming groundcover species that are besides and shade: thyme, Epimedium, Ajuga, dead-nettle. These flowers are unlikely to gather in the bunch, but the decoration of the garden, they are unique.
Advice 3: What flowers and when to sow in may
In the first half of may in an average strip of Russia it is possible to sow in the soil such as flower seeds:
Ammobium. Beautiful dried flowers, grown as an annual. Seeds it small. Germinate in 7-14 days. Drought-resistant, photophilous and quite undemanding plant to the soil.
Cornflower annuals. A very simple flower in cultivation. Seed-Pappus is better to sow in the chosen place in the flower garden, because the plants have a taproot and transplant to react badly. Seeds germinate after a week. The distance between the plants have to withstand approximately 35-40 cm from each other, as they are well spreaded. Cornflowers produce abundant self-seeding.
Iberia. Fragrant flowers. Abundant flowering. Small seeds germinate in about two weeks. If you prune the plants after flowering of the first wave, to feed, to fall flowering again. Does not like wet soil and shade. When sown in early may, the flowering will be in late July.
Calendula. Large seeds, easy to sow, germinate in 8-12 days. Gives self-seeding. A very useful plant for the garden, for the earth and for your health.
Cosmos (beauty). The seeds of her large. They germinate within a week. Bloom 90 days after germination. Kosmeya also gives self-sowing, but the flowers grown from self-seeding shallow.
Flax is an annual. Seeds are sown directly into the flower garden, passing a transplant. Unpretentious floriferous plant. Gives self-seeding.
Mattiola (night violet). Easy to grow and very fragrant plant. It sown in several dates every few weeks as it quickly fades. Mattiola is a favorite of gardeners.
Nigella (the girl in the green, Nigella). Fast to finish, unpretentious. Can be re-sown during the summer. Gives self-seeding. Seeds are used in cooking, in medicine.
Chrysanthemum annuals. Flowering occurs only in the fall, three months later.
In the second half of may, sow in the ground:
Helichrysum. Beautiful dried flowers for winter bouquets. Seeds are small and germinate in 7-12 days. Blooms in 60-65 days after germination.
Godetia. Seeds are small. Germinate in two weeks. When sowing in early may will bloom in July. Loves a Sunny place.
Pretty. It is preferable to sow the seeds directly into the flower garden, as the plants do not like transplanting. Seedlings appear after 10-14 days after sowing. Between plants leave a distance of at least 20-25 cm Flowering "roses".
Lavatera. The seeds are quite large. Seedlings appear after 10-14 days. Plants bloom in 65-75 days after germination. Looks beautiful in mixed borders. It is not picky about soil, drought-resistant, photophilous.
Malopa. High annual, to 1 m tall. Seedlings emerge in 10-12 days. Best sown in a permanent place, except for the picks. Blooms in July.
Nasturtium. Bloom two months after germination. The seedlings are sensitive to spring frosts. The leaves, flowers and green seeds are used in cooking and medicine.
Nemesio. The seeds are very small. Their not even worth it to cover the soil. It is sufficient to roll. Germinate quickly in the light. Very photophilous plant. When the shading begins to wither and stretch. Nemesio blooms after 50-65 days of germination. Transplant the seedlings better in the "nursery" age. The root system is sensitive to the transplants. A very showy plant.
Nemophila. On beds to meet this plant is very rare. Although the seeds have long been sold in Russia. Very unpretentious and very showy plant. The open flowers resemble bells. As grows in full sun and in partial shade. When sown in may will bloom in July. Sowing seeds is carried out surface.
Sunflower decorative. Ease of growing, and the singularity have made these plants popular in the flower beds. It is important to maintain a distance between the seedlings. Among low-growing plants leave at least 30-35 cm,between high - at least 65-70cm.
The scented mignonette.Valued for its unique flavor. Seeds germinate within a week, and seedlings bloom in an average of 70 days.
Pumpkin decorative. Sowing seeds is similar to table varieties of pumpkin.
The Drummond Phlox. Seeds long germinate about two to three weeks. So before planting it is preferable to stand in water a day for swelling. The appearance of the third leaf head pinch for greater tillering of plants. Blooms until late autumn, if the Phlox have enough sunlight.
Escholtzia (California poppy). Sowing is carried out immediately in a flower garden because the plants have a taproot and don't like transplanting. Grows poorly in dense wet soils. Photophilous and drought (watering only in dry weather).
The best days for planting flower seeds according to the lunar calendar in may 2015: 1, 2, 21, 22, 25...29 may.
The best days for planting flowers from bulbs according to the lunar calendar in may 2015: 8, 9 may.
Bad days for sowing flower seed and planting bulbs: 10, 11, 18 may.