Typically, athletes training in speed-strength sports a higher heart rate, than among the representatives of different sports. More modest pulse of those whose training is directed on development of endurance.
Also beginners the pulse may be more frequent than experienced. In addition, with age the trained person is the frequency of the beating has a tendency to decline. The highest parameters in young athletes under the age of 15 years, training for speed and power. For them, the rule of 75-80 beats per minute. Those who train for endurance and has crossed the 30 year mark normal secteurs indicators of 45-50 beats per minute.
As well as ordinary people, in the supine position heart rate decreases 10 beats, than in the standing position. The women athletes the heart rate can be 7-10 beats less than men of the same age.
If an ordinary person's pulse at 60 beats less, he can diagnose bradycardia, athletes ' skiers, marathoners, cyclists-roadies 40-50 beats per minute is considered normal, as over time the heart has learned to work more efficiently. In addition, in this mode of operation improves nutrition and metabolism in the heart muscle. However, if the pulse at 40 beats and less is a serious reason for going to a cardiologist. Also, as with the indicators 90 beats above.
Unlike an untrained person, an athlete's heart is able to dramatically increase the frequency of contractions at high loads to provide increased blood circulation in the body. If earlier it was believed that his heart rate above 180 beats per minute – extremely high rate of work for hearts, that in our time the pulse is well-trained athletes can increase up to 200-220 beats without any negative consequences. However, the unprepared man's heart-rate can lead to overexertion.
When you exercise on a weight lifting pulse quickens to 120-135 beats per minute. However, many athletes may experience strain if the athlete lifting the weight stops breathing. Therefore, when training with large weights, it is recommended to follow your breath.
You should also not forget that heart rate in athletes can vary significantly depending on the lifestyle, environments, feeds, and many other factors, including individual characteristics.
Advice 2: What is the normal pulse
The pulse of every person, its indicators are related to the heart muscle and have a different standard for people of all ages. The average healthy person the heart rate at rest should be equal to 60-80 beats per 1 minute.
For different ages there are different standards of heart rate alone. It depends also on the gender of the person. For baby is 140 beats/min, for children from birth to one year – 130 beats/min in age from one year to two years – 100 beats/min, from three to seven years – 95 beats/min, from eight to fourteen years – 80 beats/min.
For middle-aged men, the normal pulse is 60-80 BPM for women – 65-90 beats/min. the elderly the normal heart rate equals about 65 beats/min. If a person is sick, his heart rate increases to 120-150 beats/min.
The pulse rate of a healthy person varies during the day. Its lowest values are observed in the early morning and late evening. The highest values of the heart rate can be locked in the evening. In standing and sitting pulse rate is higher than in the supine position.
The probing pulse is determined by the middle, index and ring fingers of the right hand radial artery, located on the left hand. This artery can easily be found if you place your thumb horizontally on the wrist, below the first fold formed by the skin of her wrist.
Do not have to count the number of beats per minute, can be limited to 30 seconds, and then multiply the resulting figure by 2.
In addition to the number of beats per minute is supposed to be important and heart rate for each breathing cycle (exhalation, pause, inhalation). The norm for this cycle should have four to six beats. If the pulse is less frequent, or more often, it signals the violation of functions of any organs and gives a reason for seeking medical help.
An important indicator of the health of the body is a uniform pulse. In a healthy person it should be smooth in the fullness, strength of tension for 100 beats. The unevenness of the data pulse indicative of the disease.
If at rest or under light load, the pulse quickens and reaches more than one hundred beats per minute, this condition is called tachycardia and requires medical examination.
Low pulse less than 50 beats per minute indicate bradycardia and also require a medical examination.
Very slow and weak pulse may indicate heart failure. This condition is life threatening and requires emergency medical care.
During exercise the heart rate increases. The maximum number of heartbeats (heart rate) can be calculated by the following formula: 220 – person's age = maximum heart rate. So, if you play sports and you have, for example, 30 years, then your pulse during the classes should not be more numbers 190. Within 10 minutes after termination of the load pulse must come to normal.
Advice 3: What is the normal heart rate in 75 years
Such indicators as blood pressure and pulse are medical to those characteristics by which they can make the first conclusions about the state of human health. These characteristics depend on the work of the most important human organ – the heart and its functional state depends, including, from age.
Heart rate and age
Pulse rate is dependent on heart rate, causing fluctuations of the arterial walls. Because these fluctuations are due to a measurable difference between the upper and lower blood pressure which normally is about 40 mm Hg, it is easy to feel, pressing artery finger. The most affordable point at which the palpable pulse is the inner side of the wrist, which runs the radial artery.
Heart rate oscillations is not constant and depends on many factors beyond any complex calculations and formulas. The norm of pulse, each person has their own and it will not be the same, even two people of the same age with the same other conditions. It depends on the individual, circumstances, location and also age. The older a person is, the less it reduces the heart and pulse beats.
The adult average people without heart problems, the frequency of resting pulse is 70-80 beats per minute. For a newborn, this figure normally is 140 beats/min at age 1 year - 130 beats/min. To 2 years the pulse slows to 100 BPM by 7 – up to BPM to 14 years - 80 beats/min. In old age the human being becomes less and in 75 years, the norm can be considered 65-70 beats/min.
After 60 years, should give up alcohol, Smoking and too fatty, spicy and abundant food, which provoke acceleration of heart rate and cause accelerated aging.
The main criterion standards of heart rate at any age is health, if you do not feel discomfort, it means your heart is beating in the usual rhythm. But do not ignore variability that can be symptoms of many serious diseases. Thus, the increase or decrease in your usual rhythm can be a symptom of ischemic heart disease, atherosclerosis, atrial fibrillation.
In the elderly with coronary heart disease increase in heart rate to 85 beats per minute significantly increases the risk of sudden death.
Continuous monitoring of heart rate is particularly important for the elderly who are aged 70 years or more. Sudden unwarranted slowing or increased heart rate is a reason as soon as possible to contact their physician or cardiologist, best of all, already having the electrocardiogram.
4. the percentage of 5. credit