Advice 1: Where does erysipelas

In the body of each are dormant streptococci. These bacteria penetrate through harmless, it would seem, scratches, cracks, and even blisters because of shoes. But under favorable conditions, the streptococci multiply rapidly, affecting the soft tissue. The skin is covered with Islands of the rash developing erysipelas. The duration of pathological process depends on a number of factors.
Outbreaks of erysipelas in 70% of cases occur in summer and autumn

Variants of the disease



Erysipelas begins rapidly, acutely. Man embracing a fever with a headache, chills, nausea or vomiting, sharp weakness, which quickly increase as more intoxication. Affected skin reddens, swells, and because of this it is strongly stretched, and the slightest touch to it causes pain.

The duration of the disease depends primarily on the shape of the faces and degrees of streptococcal of intoxication. If the skin turns purple and swells is erythematous erysipelas. In hemorrhagic form capillaries burst and happen petechial hemorrhages.

And when bullous erysipelas, in addition to the rash, and even produced bubbles with watery contents, similar to blisters, which are at burns. When they subside, the skin is covered with crusts which exfoliate only two to three weeks. The disease is delayed, if in their place by an open ulcer.

If foci aromatase faces small and the patient immediately began to heal, the fever lasts a very short time, just two or three days, and after five or six days the rash is completely. At moderate intoxication acute inflammation lasts for about a week, and redness go ten days later.

In severe cases, when the lesions are extensive, the temperature under forty, exhausting vomiting, treatment may take two to three weeks or even more.

Often the symptoms of severe poisoning the body with toxins and streptococci are metastases faces in places far from the initial source of inflammation. Bullous the form of residual effects – peeling, mild swelling, skin pigmentation, exfoliation of dry crusts take at least another week.

When recovery may be delayed



In whatever form disease or leaking, always affects the lymphatic system of the body. And duration of treatment of erysipelas depends also on the degree of its defeat. You have to treat not only the skin, but also lymphadenitis – inflammation of lymph nodes or lymphangitis – inflammation of the blood vessels. May develop particularly severe complications: elephantiasis of the legs, and then the treatment may take several months.

Primary erysipelas appears most often only on the face and it can be forgotten pretty quickly. But the insidious disease that often returns, hitting feet. This is especially likely if there are problems with the veins of the extremities (varicose veins or thrombophlebitis) or skin diseases, Allergy, asthma. Sometimes, the mug goes and appears again for many years and even decades.

Any form of this disease is age-related features. For example, children get sick mug rare, but easily and recover quickly. But in older people the disease usually is much harder, and acute febrile period can last about a month with exacerbations related chronic diseases.

Finally, recovery may be significantly delayed if the skin of the patient are the rays of ultraviolet light. If to relieve swelling is a mistake to apply a poultice or ointment to stimulate circulation – then the infection spreads throughout the body. Or use the recipes of traditional medicine, having no idea what form, stage of the disease, and not taking into account comorbidities.

Advice 2 : How is the face

Erysipelas is an infectious-allergic disease of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. For erysipelas is characterized by more frequent localization of inflammation on exposed parts of the body - legs, arms and face, making it visible to others and causes considerable discomfort to patients.
How is the face
Instruction
1
The causative agent of the disease is hemolytic Streptococcus group A. the entry of infection are the skin and mucous membranes. The possible introduction of the pathogen through the blood of chronic foci of infection (carious teeth, tonsils, sinuses).
2
Risk factors for the occurrence of erysipelas is any inflammation of the skin (surgery, trauma), venous leg ulcers due to chronic diseases (diabetes, immunodeficiency, stasis dermatitis). Also equally important is the violation of the integrity of the skin with rashes, scratching and fading, stresses and temperature changes.
3
The incubation period for the face lasts from several hours to 5 days. The disease begins acutely with a sudden rise of temperature to 40 degrees, chills and headache. In the first day there is swelling, itching, tightness and soreness of the affected area of the skin. Then there is a small area of redness that increases rapidly.
4
The most common form of faces - erythematous. If the inflammation is localized on the face, a piece of symmetrical redness, may spread to the cheeks and the lateral surface of the nose and thus to resemble the shape of a butterfly. With the localization the extremities erythema rises above the healthy skin, it is a uniform red color and clear boundaries.
5
There are erythematous-bullous form of the disease - on the site of redness for 2-3 day of the disease starts to peel off the epidermis, and formed bubbles with serous contents. After opening the bubbles form a crust or erosion with subsequent transition to the sores. When erythematous-hemorrhagic form of the disease on the background of redness formed foci of hemorrhage in the affected areas of skin. Bullous-hemorrhagic form bubbles filled with bloody content.
6
For the prevention of erysipelas is recommended to avoid chafing on the legs, time to treat the disease caused by Streptococcus (e.g., sore throat). If relapses occur more than 3 times a year, it indicates the Association of the faces with concomitant diseases. In such cases it is necessary to identify a chronic source of infection and to reorganize it.
7
Prognosis is usually favorable, in rare cases with very frequent exacerbations occurring elephantiasis, which is a hindrance in work and in everyday life. Medication is prescribed by a doctor, usually used antibiotics, physiotherapy and laser treatment.
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