The reasons for the development of the disease
Pathogens of acute cystitis can be staphylococci, streptococci, gonococci, Escherichia coli, Mycoplasma. In these cases, the infection reaches the bladder via the urinary tract. The reason may be the failure to comply with hygiene standards, hypothermia, infections, sexually transmitted.
Women are more likely to suffer acute cystitis, risk of fall, mainly pregnant women, because at that time a reduced natural immunity, and the stagnation of urine in the bladder increases. Acute cystitis must be treated, because the infection can rise above and cover the kidneys. In this case, they will be unable to perform its function of cleaning the blood of toxins, which can lead to serious consequences for the organism.
The symptoms of cystitis
The disease begins suddenly, with discomfort, itching, burning, and sharp pain during urination, which fails in the rest. Urination becomes frequent, the urges are amplified, while there is a feeling of fullness of the bladder. The body temperature usually remains within normal limits, and sometimes may increase to 38-38,5 s. If this happens, you can say that the infection has spread to the ureters.
For further diagnosis you need to pass urine for laboratory analysis. Cystitis in the urine detected leukocytes in large numbers, when attached to kidney infection, the red blood cells and protein. If you want to hold a urine culture to determine the causative agent and its sensitivity to antibiotics, as well as ultrasound and cystoscopy to determine the internal state of the walls of the bladder, type of damage, the presence of foreign objects (if the cause was mechanical failure).
How to treat this disease?
Drug treatment of cystitis should be comprehensive. To relieve inflammation prescribe medication-uroseptics, antibiotics, antispasmodics. In the treatment an important role is played by diet and bed rest. You can not eat salty, fried, spicy food so as not to increase the irritation of the bladder wall and urinary tract, as well as to reduce the load on the kidneys.
Very effective treatment of dry heat. For this purpose, heating pads, baths. You can practice warm sitz baths with decoctions of herbs: chamomile, calendula. Depending on the severity of the disease, the doctor may prescribe physiotherapy, as well as irrigation of the bladder. This procedure is quite complex, so is only possible in a hospital environment, makes it specially trained medical staff.
A good therapeutic effect have herbal teas that you should drink as tea. You can use a sheet of bearberry, birch, celandine, parsley, mint, horsetail, chamomile flowers, calendula, licorice root.
Treatment of acute cystitis should be continued for 10-14 days after the complete disappearance of symptoms to avoid relapse and transition of the disease into the chronic stage.
Prevention of acute cystitis
To prevent the development of cystitis, you need to follow the rules of personal hygiene, and promptly treat infections in the body. It is crucial to empty the bladder to avoid constipation. It is advisable to drink more green tea, fruit drinks cranberry and cranberry and to include in the diet more fresh vegetables and fruits.