Cast iron has very valuable qualities, making it suitable for the manufacture of products of different purposes. This metal is cheap and excellent casting properties. He also has high hardness and strength. The cast for this reason is widely used where the desired product shapes, capable of withstanding serious loads. It applies, for example, for the manufacture of machine bases and parts of the body of a machine.
In engineering widely used so-called gray cast iron, having in its composition graphite. The products from this metal is almost not sensitive to the impact stress and absorb vibrations occurring in the vibration of machines and mechanisms. Grey cast iron is good for the manufacture of critical parts, for example, bushings and machine beds.
The irreplaceable cast iron in the automotive industry. It is durable and abrasion resistant cylinder blocks for engines. For greater reliability in the composition of the metal also include special graphite additive. Such an improved cast iron can be used in the production of crankshafts of diesels.
Metal, in which the carbon is in a bound state, goes to the manufacture of parts, capable of operating in conditions of high friction. This iron makes high-quality brake pads, and rolls for papermaking or milling machines.
Their scope is, and ductile iron. He has excellent damping ability even in comparison with steel and works great at low temperatures. This modification of the metal used in the manufacture of critical parts of tractors and cars, who will work in harsh climatic conditions.
Another area of application of cast iron – production of sanitary products. This metal is used in pipes, radiators, fittings, kitchen sinks and sinks. Still great demand for baths of cast iron, which have high strength, reliability, practicality and durability. These products can serve as homes for several decades, while maintaining an original appearance and not needing to be replaced.
Widely use cast iron to perform the art products. Most of the embankments of Saint-Petersburg, for example, is decorated with elements of cast iron. In the city on the Neva was not unusual to see cast openwork gate and fancy fences made of this metal. There are also cast-iron monuments.