What is AIDS
Source of the spread of AIDS is the blood of a person infected with HIV or other biological environment of the body. The insidiousness of this disease is that, once in the body, the HIV virus can certain time does not manifest itself, so it is difficult to identify. At this time the virus is active in the human body, penetrating into all its environment, grasping all new and new territories.
AIDS – acquired immunodeficiency syndrome – is so named because the infection in the body, it affects his immune system, and a defensive reaction is no. People die not of AIDS, and often from the common cold, which weakened, dying body is simply not able to resist. The virus penetrates even into the cornea of the eye which has no blood vessels.
HIV infection is concentrated in all biological fluids of the organism: blood, urine, sweat, breast milk. It is through the liquid medium of the infected body the virus can enter a healthy body. It is sexually transmitted (the most frequent), through transfusion of infected blood or shared with the patient, shaving accessories and from mother to child.
The stage of the disease
In modern medicine there are several stages of flow AIDS.
The first stage, when HIV infection only entered the body, may be acute. Your body reacts with fever, runny nose, fever. All these symptoms are very similar to the common cold, so often do not raise suspicion. Sometimes a skin rash. On average, after 10 days it goes away. Sometimes the first stage has completely asymptomatic. This is the most dangerous time, because the person, being a carrier of HIV and not knowing it, infect others.
The second stage of the disease is characterized by complete absence of symptoms. To identify the presence of virus is possible only by the laboratory, taking blood for examination.
Through several years – 3 to 5 – comes the third stage of the disease. On the General weakening of the body is inflammation of the lymph nodes, they increase. Concerned about human loose bowels, headaches, fatigue.
The fourth stage is actually AIDS. Man loses weight, the body has to a pathogenic infection, living in it initially. It affects all organs and systems. The lethal outcome is inevitable.
HIV infection is slow, because the infected person can live after being infected up to 12 years.
Advice 2: What is AIDS
The question of what AIDSemerged in the last century, when physicians are faced with disease that, in adults, there was a shortage of the immune system, previously typical only for newborns born with low birth weight.
The familiar name of the disease collected from the first letters of the following words: acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The danger of AIDSand the fact that it so weakens the immune system, that people die from many diseases that previously, the body would have coped without any problems. The cause of death may be different from the ordinary pneumonia to cancer.
The viral nature of the disease, and prolonged time the human immunodeficiency virus does not manifest itself, symptoms of AIDSand are observed much later. Diagnosed with AIDS during the biochemical analysis of blood. The initial indicator of the absence of HIV in the blood can not be considered completely reliable because of the fact that he has the ability to occur immediately. Therefore, the blood transfusion stations collected material is quarantined and only after re-diagnosis, a few months blood is considered healthy and is ready to use.
The infected person is potentially dangerous, as even in the absence of his disease, he carries the disease and can infect other people. Not all virus carriers become ill, the nature of this phenomenon is unexplained, but in some cases, HIV does not causes the development of AIDS.
Infection in the domestic environment is not possible, the disease AIDS is only transmitted sexually, from infected mother to newborn, through the blood that contains the virus.
For several years the presence of a disease indicative only swollen lymph nodes. Then the temperature rises, the person loses weight and begins to suffer from various diseases.
Treatment of AIDSand there are drugs that support the immune system and helps to resist viruses. To date, ideal medicine which could completely cure from AIDSand was not invented. All therapy is aimed only at preserving the life expectancy of the patients.