Rotavirus infection or rotavirus gastroenteritis is an acute infectious disease caused by rotavirus, which is characterized by symptoms of General intoxication of the organism with lesions of the gastrointestinal tract with the development of gastroenteritis.
The causative agent of this infection belongs to the family Reoviridae and the genus Rotavirus. The basis for the name rotavirus is supposed similarity of the pathogen with the wheel (Latin rota means wheel). If you look through an electron microscope, the parts of the virus have the form of wheels with a wide hub and short spokes, and also clearly delineated by a thin rim.
Rotaviruses are well resistant to the environment. In open water, drinking water and wastewater, this infection can persist for several months. On the vegetables, which takes food to people, rotavirus persists for up to 30 days. Rotavirus can withstand repeated freezing, disinfectants, ether, ultrasound and even chloroform, but is killed by boiling.
The primary source of rotavirus infection is a sick person who identifies with faeces, a large number of viral particles. This allocation occurs at the end of the incubation period and in the early days of the disease. By the end of the fifth day of the disease the amount of virus in the faeces is greatly reduced, but finally terminated the isolation of the virus only by the third week of the disease. Sources of allocation of the pathogen can be and healthy people, for example, medical staff in hospitals or the infectious ward. From the feces of these individuals, the virus can be allocated for a period of three months.
The mechanism of transmission of rotavirus infection is fecal-oral and transmission may be different. One of the modes of transmission of rotavirus is contact-household, when the infection is transmitted through household items or unwashed hands. It is also important for water and alimentary way of transmission. We need to eliminate the threat point consumption of infected water and foods, which may contain the virus, most often they are dairy products
After the man had rotavirus infection, formed a short-term species-specific immunity. In the older age groups possible recurrence. Rotavirus infection is found in any location in various age groups. Among the acute intestinal infections part rotaviral gastroenteritis reaches 73%.
The incubation period for rotavirus is about 16 hours from the time of infection. The disease usually has an acute onset. Increased body temperature, symptoms of intoxication, vomiting, and diarrhea. All these symptoms occur almost simultaneously on the first day of the disease. Also from the very beginning may experience pain of a moderate nature in the stomach. All of these symptoms can persist and narostat in the first 24 hours. It is also possible, and the gradual onset of the disease.
- observe sanitary-hygienic norms;
- pass the vaccination to prevent infection of rotavirus infection;
- pass the vaccination to prevent infection of rotavirus infection;
Advice 2: How is rotavirus infection
To protect yourself from rotavirus with an absolute guarantee - it is impossible. The disease is so contagious and spread around the world that at least once she had everyone on the planet. Blame the high resistance of the virus to environmental conditions and ability to survive long outside the human body.
Rotavirus is highly contagious and can be transmitted from person to person before the first show any symptoms. Huge amounts of the virus comes out with the stool from the body and transferred, like any other infection "dirty hands", not only through the items in the toilet such as a flush button tank cap or door handles, but also through everything that happens to touch the patient: the handrails of public transport, household items, money. As the virus thrives in the aquatic environment, the infected can have water and pools, as well as foods that have not been thoroughly cooked: ice cream, raw vegetables and fruit, don't end up fried fish and seafood.
The rotavirus has no concept of seasonality, as it happens, for example, with the flu virus. Epidemics can occur anytime of the year regardless of outside temperatures and humidity. Some doctors say the increase in the number of patients in the period from November to April, but it is likely due to the decline of immunity in the winter associated with lack of vitamins in the diet of the population.
Despite these sad facts, to say that rotavirus is inevitable and since it is impossible to protect yourself from it, there is nothing to try - it is impossible. If the team detected at least one patient with the symptoms of this disease, vomiting, disorders of stool and fever, you should immediately take all possible steps to prevent infection opportunity to impress everyone. This is especially important for children's educational institutions.
You need to get yourself and explain to the child that from now on the usual hand-washing after using the toilet will not be enough, so after all hygiene procedures must be carefully treated hands with a special disinfectant gel, a wide range which offers a modern trade. Eating in public places during the epidemic must also go into the category of taboo. If you absolutely refused to snack outside the home there is no way you should give preference to the products subjected to careful heat treatment.
In offices, school classes, kindergarten groups - in short, in all areas in which a certain number of people and spends quite a long time, it is necessary at least once a day to make a surface treatment with a chlorine-containing solutions. Of course, not everyone likes the smell of chlorine, but it is better to learn not to pay attention to it than to fall with a severe disease that can not only for a long time to knock the body off balance, and even cause death.
Advice 3: How to treat rotavirus infection pregnant
Rotavirus infection is a very unpleasant disease. Particularly difficult to tolerate small children and pregnant women. But expectant mothers should not panic. If you treat the disease properly, health of the fetus will be safe from harm.
Threat than rotavirus infection
Rotavirus infection, or, as it is called, the stomach flu, can be transmitted anywhere. The cause of infection may be contact with a sick person, eating poor quality food, poor quality of water. The prevention of this disease is regular hand washing with soap and water. You must also try to avoid staying in crowded places during the epidemic.
Special attention is given to pregnant women. They usually suffer high fever and severe vomiting. Besides, they are allowed to take not all medications.
Symptoms of rotavirus infection are diarrhea, fever, chills, vomiting. Some confuse them with symptoms of poisoning. Moreover, during infection by rotavirus typically experience very unpleasant sensations in the lower abdomen.
How to treat rotavirus in pregnancy
By itself, rotavirus infection is not so terrible. It does not cross the placental barrier and therefore has no negative impact on the fetus. But in the absence of proper treatment it can be very dangerous. First and foremost, it is to dehydration.
Dehydration can cause lack of oxygen, which in turn creates a threat of miscarriage or premature birth. It is also dangerous for the pregnant woman.
The use of any antibiotics during the infection of rotavirus is not required. The treatment is to replenish lost fluids. Pregnant in such cases, prescribed excessive drinking and the use of different electrolytes, rehydration preparations, which can be purchased in pharmacies. If severe vomiting, should immediately call a doctor. Perhaps the specialist will prescribe inpatient treatment.
In order to stop the intoxication, it is possible to use activated carbon, which is not contraindicated for pregnant women. Calculate dosage is quite simple. For every 10 pounds of weight expectant mother will need 1 tablet of activated charcoal. To bring down the temperature you can use paracetamol. The rest of antipyretics can have a negative impact on the mother and fetus.
Fans of homeopathic remedies can try to bring the temperature down with drugs of natural origin. But before treatment is necessary to ensure that they are allowed during pregnancy.