Advice 1: What is itching in the lungs

The tissue of the lungs is devoid of nerve endings, so it is often discomfort in the chest, including pain, burning, tingling and itching, associated with a pathological process affecting the pleura, bronchi or trachea. Common complaint of patients to itching in the lungs is usually associated with lesions of the bronchi, more rarely by itching taken burning sensation that occurs in certain lung diseases, and sometimes with heartburn or reflux esophagitis.
What is itching in the lungs

Causes of itching in the lungs

Itching in the lungs may be accompanied by cough (dry or wet), rales when breathing. If the cough is moist, the expectoration of sputum itching usually subsides, with a dry cough itching can be almost constant. All are symptoms of bronchitis – inflammation of the mucous membrane covering the surface of the bronchi. In addition to cough, there may also be fever, weakness and breathing difficulties.

Also itching in the lungs can be caused by irritation of the Airways by dust, smoke, chemicals.
Often unpleasant sensation - "like a light itch and coughing complaining about smokers who have decided to give up the habit. This is due to the restoration of cough reflex and normalizes the secretion of the bronchial mucosa. With long-term Smoking nicotine suppresses the cough reflex, otherwise, each puff accompanied by a painful cough. When toxic smoke stops regularly to irritate the bronchi, the cough reflex is no longer suppressed, starts the process of cleansing the respiratory tract from accumulated resins. The discomfort is further amplified due to withdrawal symptoms caused by Smoking cessation, but usually pass within a week or two.

What to do when you feel the itching in my lungs?

If the itchy sensation in the lungs accompanied by cough, high fever, you will need to see a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and treatment. You may need to undergo chest x-rays or an x-ray of the lungs to rule out pneumonia and other serious diseases. Self-treatment of cough is not allowed. Appointing their own without the advice of a doctor or antitussive expectorants, you risk causing development of acute bronchitis or chronic inflammation of the lungs.

To relieve the condition before visiting the doctor can take special action to liquefy the accumulated phlegm in the lungs. First of all, you should humidify inhaled air and to eliminate the factors that cause the irritation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract. Get a humidifier, but if this is not possible, ventilate the area where you are, do wet cleaning, hang around the room with wet towels. Help inhalation with saline, breathing exercises, but intense workouts it is better to postpone – physical activity may cause increased cough and worsening of General condition.

Try to increase the amount of fluids you drink, limit the stay in a dusty environment and out in the street. Smoking should be discontinued until full recovery.

Advice 2: Why accumulates in the lungs air

In the chest is two layers of the pleura – smooth shell. The outer layer lines the surface of the chest cavity, the inner – covers the lungs and bronchi. The gap between them is called the pleural cavity.
Why accumulates in the lungs air
If for some reason in the pleural cavity will accumulate the air pressure in the lungs will increase and its volume will decrease. Consequently, people will begin to experience chest pain, it would be difficult to breathe. In the most severe cases, possible death due to acute lack of oxygen. And why do the air can accumulate in the pleural cavity?

For some reason air can get into the pleural cavity

This phenomenon (the introduction of air into the pleural cavity) was known to doctors of Ancient Greece, which gave him the name of "pneumothorax", which is derived from the word "pneuma -" air "and" thorax" – the chest." Pneumothorax occurs either as a result of penetrating wounds of the chest, or as a consequence of certain chronic diseases of the lungs. But it can also develop as a complication of a chest injury or as a result of unsuccessful treatment of a chest.

Pneumothorax is of two types: indoor and outdoor (with penetrating wound of the chest). In the second case, the patient's condition can rapidly deteriorate in a short time, so as soon as possible to stop the access of air into the pleural cavity. To provide the victim of the qualified medical aid should be tightly closed the wound with airtight material and securely fix it on the body. As such material is suitable, for example, plastic film or oilcloth. You can use thick cotton-gauze bandage.

When pneumothorax noted severe pain in the chest, dry hacking cough, voice trembling. In some cases the pain may radiate to the shoulder and abdomen. On examination, the patient is marked pallor.

How to remove the air accumulated in the pleural cavity

To provide expert assistance to the person (especially when severe pneumothorax) can only be a specialist, therefore the victim needs to be taken to a medical facility. The diagnosis is made as the results of inspection and complaints of the patient, and after x-ray of the chest cavity or computed tomography. If necessary, the air from the pleural cavity is evacuated using a special syringe, piercing the top layer of the pleura, or by installing a drainage tube.

If you have an open wound it is sewn up in a medical facility. In the most severe cases it is necessary to remove part of the damaged lung.
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