Advice 1: What is the consequence of the expansion of subarachnoid space

Nature securely protect the brain and spinal cord. They are surrounded by several shells. Directly to the brain adjacent soft sheath of connective tissue. At some distance from the other cover formed connective tissue and structure resembling fine network, for which she received the name arachnoid (arachnoid). The space between these membranes is called a subarachnoid.
The neurosonographic examination of the newborn
Subarachnoid space filled with CSF – cerebrospinal fluid. The total number of cerebrospinal fluid is from 120 to 140 ml On a large furrows and crevices of the brain are the tank sections, where the number of CSF is especially great.

The CSF flows from the ventricles of the brain, as outgrowths of the arachnoid sheath suck it. The violation of the circulation leads to expansion of subarachnoid space.

Causes of enlargement of subarachnoid space in adults



The disturbance of liquor circulation is always associated with any pathological process that affects the brain. It could be traumatic brain injury, brain tumor, stroke, infection of the brain (eg, meningoencephalitis). All these traumatic factors start the process of atrophy, the amount of gray and white matter decreases, which leads to expansion of subarachnoid space.

There are three degrees of severity of such a breach: easy – extension 1-2 mm, medium – 3-4 mm and severe more than 4 mm.

Possible clinical manifestations – the depletion of mental activity, as well as pseudobulbar a syndrome characterized by a triad of symptoms: speech disorder due to paralysis of muscles involved in articulation, loss of sonority of the voice (it is whispered) and a violation of the act of swallowing. It is also possible headaches and blurred vision due to stagnation in the fundus.

Timely treatment, including surgical, allows you to return such patients to normal life. Even if you are not able to achieve full adaptation to work; people at least are able to do without assistance in daily activities.

The expansion of the subarachnoid spaces in infants



In infants the cause of the expansion of subarachnoid space usually becomes increased intracranial pressure, birth trauma or infection that affected the brain as a result of complications of otitis media or common cold. The diagnosis is made according to neurosonographic research.

Often the forecast is favourable: by age two, the subarachnoid space and the ventricles of the brain by themselves come back to normal, the child "develops" a disease. But count on it not worth it. This violation threatens the child with developmental delays, so it needs to be treated.

Prescribes treatment neurologist. It includes vitamins and other drugs, and also antibiotics, if the disease was caused by infection.

Advice 2: What is the consequence of degeneration of the left ventricle

Degeneration is malnutrition of the body, which can lead to failure and even death. Degeneration of the left ventricle is not an independent disease is one of the symptoms or complications of any other disease. What can cause degeneration of the left ventricle?
What is the consequence of degeneration of the left ventricle

Symptoms of degeneration of the left ventricle



Dystrophy is a reduction or thinning of the wall of the left ventricle. Therefore, the deterioration occurs throughout the body.

Quite often, patients experience weakness and fatigue. There are often disruptions of the heart in arrhythmia.

In the patient's blood may decrease hemoglobin and anemia.

Pain and discomfort in the region of the heart accompany almost every patient.

Perhaps the development of shortness of breath when walking or exercising. Reduces health.

In severe cases, edema of lower limbs, frequent attacks of palpitation and reduction in blood pressure.

What is the consequence of degeneration of the left ventricle


The development of dystrophy of the myocardium leads to disruption in the functioning of other organs and systems in the body. This suggests that this pathology leads to various diseases of one or more organs.

Without treatment and proper diet and rest, may develop a state close to heart failure.

Degeneration of the left ventricle during physical overexertion can lead to hemorrhage and necrosis in the heart muscle. It may be manifested by bradycardia and hypotension. In untrained people, strong load dystrophy of the myocardium, can lead to toxic his defeat. Dystrophy of the myocardium, thus leads to coronary insufficiency with foci of necrosis in the muscular layer of the left ventricle.

With malnutrition, such as with fasting or cachexia, degeneration may lead to atrophy of the cardiac fibers. When this occurs violation protein, electrolyte and vitamin metabolism. After a time in the blood increased nitrogenous waste products, ammonia, and bile acids.

Degeneration of the left ventricle in diabetes may be complicated by acidosis.

The toxic effect on the myocardium in hyperthyroidism leads to an overload and so weakened and thinned ventricle. This increases the amount of cardiac output and increased blood pressure. Complicated by dystrophy may atrial fibrillation, systolic murmur and development dilatatia heart. If you do not carry out treatment during this period, develops circulatory insufficiency.

Prevention and treatment


At the first signs or unpleasant sensations in the heart area, consult a doctor.

Important in the treatment of a pathological condition is the diet and treatment of comorbidities.
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