"Gentamicin" is prescribed for treatment of pyelonephritis, cystitis, cholangitis, pneumonia, peritonitis, cholecystitis, sepsis, and purulent infections. For topical application the drug is used for boils, folliculitis, sycosis, of paronihiiinfected with acne, seborrheic dermatitis, skin wounds of different origin. Eye drops prescribed for conjuctivitis, keratitis and other infectious-inflammatory diseases of organs of vision.
"Gentamicin" is available in the form of a solution for in/in and/m injection, ointments for local application and eye drops.
Dose "Gentamicin" is defined individually. It depends on the weight of the patient, severity of disease, its localization and sensitivity infections. Solution for injection administered intravenously or intramuscularly. For adults, a single dose of 1-1. 7 ml/kg daily 3-5 mg/kg. the Drug is administered 2-4 rasav day. The course of therapy is 7-10 days.
Patients with impaired renal function, severe Soltanieh, the daily dosage is recommended to introduce more techniques, reducing thus the dose.
When infectious-inflammatory diseases of the urinary system Nazakat 120-120 mg "Gentamicin" 1 times a day. In gonorrhea the drug is used once, the dosage is 240-280 mg.
Daily dose for children from 2 years also is 3-5 mg/kg, and is injected 3 times during the day. Daily dose for children under 2 years of age, including newborns and nedonoshennyh 2-5 mg/kg. Children under 1 weeks the drug is administered 2 times a day, 2 years up to 3 times.
At/in the use of the drug is diluted in 5% dextrose solution or 0.9% solution of NaCl. The total volume of liquids - 50-300 ml. For children, the volume of inputs must be less than, the concentration of "Gentamicin" should not exceed 1 mg/ml. In/in the drug is administered in течение1,5-2 hours.
Ointment "Gentamicin" used topically 3-4 times a day, apply on the affected surface. Eye drops "Gentamicin" is used 3-4 times a day. Use a drop of no more than 2 weeks.
"Gentamicin" contraindicated in case of intolerance to its components, lactation and pregnancy. The drug is not prescribed in severe renal impairment, neuritis of the auditory nerve, uremia. During treatment should monitor kidney condition, and also vestibular and hearing AIDS.
The drug is effective in the treatment of various infectious diseases. The injections quite painful. To apply this remedy without medical supervision is not recommended in view of possible side effects and specific effects on the kidney condition - in shots, and also prolonged use of the ointment. According to reviews, among the most frequent side effects observed are allergic rashes and swelling. In addition, the drug can affect hearing.