You will need
- The obligatory medical insurance policy, passport, health insurance card.
A certificate from a psychiatrist is required for admission to the school, while obtaining rights and licenses for weapons, when applying for a job. The psychiatrist checks the adequacy of the human, his mental state, stress resistance, able to adapt to unusual conditions. To drive a car or wear the environment does not allow people with mental disorders because it is dangerous to health and life of others and the person. Going to a psychiatrist does not need to prepare. This occurs in a stationary mode. The doctor is not called.
A visit to a psychiatrist is necessary not only when required for help, but for the sake of prevention of diseases associated with disorders of the nervous system. The main part of diagnosis is to conduct a conversation with the man. It can last from several minutes to several hours. This includes the time for answers of the patient.
Can be held with the participation of parents or friends who are concerned about the mental health of the patient. The dialogue comes in the form of question-answer. Based on the information and behavior of the patient, the doctor is able to put a primary diagnosis. In the case of mental disorders will prescribe the appropriate treatment. For the study of certain mental functions (attention, memory, thinking) a psychiatrist conducts the tests. These are tasks specifically designed to identify mental disorders and degree of development of the person.
The psychiatrist is able to prescribe a number of tests: urine, blood, radiography, analysis of cerebrospinal fluid, ultrasound head scan. It is necessary to determine the nature of the disease. Possible mental disorders caused by infection, head injury, bone changes, tumor in the head. Tomography may show the presence of bleeding, injury, fracture in the brain that occurred as a result of a stroke.
Based on all the conducted studies, the doctor already puts an accurate diagnosis. Mental disorders can arise from everyday situations, stress, fears. They are called neuroses. Disease manifests itself by restless behavior, insomnia, apathy, depression, disturbance in the body. Mental disorders can arise as a result of medication, drugs or alcohol. The doctor must find out all these factors in order to help the patient and assign an effective treatment.
If a person has a phobia, he is constantly in suspense, then you should not delay with the visit to the doctor. The disease may begin to progress.
Parents should monitor the health and the health of their children. If the child became suspicious conduct, that he should see a psychiatrist.
Advice 2: How to call a psychiatrist in the house
Often people are embarrassed to seek help to a specialist like a psychiatrist. However, sometimes this is necessary, because every disease needs treatment. If the patient has no opportunity to personally visit the hospital or needed emergency psychiatric care, call a doctor in the house.
You will need
- call the local therapist;
- - call the brigade 03;
- call private psychiatric service.
If you need routine (non-urgent care) psychiatrist, but the patient can not be due to any serious causes himself to come (elderly, difficulty in movement, etc.), to carry out the call of doctor to patient is possible through the local doctor. Call physician and ask him to arrange for the arrival of the psychiatrist to the patient at home. Motivate the request so that it is the responsibility of each narrow specialist, leading the reception at the clinic.
If you do not wish to wait long for the arrival at the house of a psychiatrist from the free clinic, you can contact one of the private clinics, which have specialists of this profile. You can contact them by phone or using the other contact details displayed in the telephone directory of your city or on the website of the medical institution (if any). Stipulate all conditions with the duty Registrar, find out when you will be able to visit the doctor how much it will cost this service.
The acute progression, or exacerbation of chronic mental disorders have to act very quickly. The appearance in humans of the following symptoms, immediately call an ambulance psychiatric care: acute agitation, confusion, inappropriate behavior, malice, aggression, delusions, hallucinations, suicidal ideation. If you have any of these symptoms, do not delay another minute. How fast the person will provide expert assistance, depends not only on his health but also the welfare of others patient people. If your town has no emergency psychiatric care, call the usual team 03, with mobile phone till the Ambulance can call the following method: +7 (code of your city) 03111. Other options are possible, depending on the network operator.
Wanting to get anonymous assistance of qualified experts, contact the pay service providing emergency psychiatric care, if your city has one. In Moscow there are few such clinics, official sites which are on the Internet.
In case of evasion of the doctors from their official duties (for example, the unwillingness of "Ambulance" to arrive on a call), refer to possible criminal responsibility under the laws of the Russian Federation for medical staff, leaving the patient without professional assistance.
Advice 3: As diagnosed by a psychiatrist
In the diagnosis of mental illness is descriptive method. Using this diagnostic method the psychiatrist tries to discover the most important manifestations of mental illness and a differential diagnosis of other diseases.
Quite difficult to understand what is guided by a psychiatrist in diagnosis, if your knowledge about psychiatry as a science is limited. Psyche in Greek means "soul," and iatreia –"healing". From this it follows that the word "psychiatry" literally means treatment of the soul.
In today's world, psychiatry has acquired the status of a significant branch of medicine that deals with the study of mental disorders and their external manifestations, the treatment and prevention of mental disorders. But it should be noted the fact that successful treatment of any disease is important, proper and timely diagnosis.
In 1803. Rail, coined the term "psychiatry" (from the Greek psyche - spirit, soul, consciousness, iatrea - treatment)
Usually in the formulation of different diagnoses specialist uses various kinds of laboratory and instrumental researches allowing to diagnose quite accurately and quickly. However, in the diagnosis of mental disorders laboratory methods play only a supporting role.
Diagnosis of mental illness
The main method of diagnosis used by the psychiatrist, is descriptive method. Using it, the psychiatrist aims to identify mental phenomena, which are relevant for the emergence, course, and manifestations of mental illness. The doctor describes the mental life of the patient, based on the inspection data, the patient observation and collection of information obtained in the course of the conversation of the doctor with the patient and his loved ones.
Unfortunately, the descriptive method depends on the experience and abilities of the psychiatrist and is quite subjective. By studying the information about the patient, the doctor may set an important diagnostic data such as time of disease onset, its clinical course, changes in the nature and behavior of the patient during the years of the disease. The doctor collects and logs information separately from words of the patient (subjective history), and separately according to the patient's relatives (objective history).
To exclude the subjective evaluation of the patient, the psychiatrist uses a special rating scale the main clinical and psychopathological characteristics. On this scale, the doctor can accurately determine the symptoms of the disease, avoiding their double interpretation, a qualitative and quantitative assessment of the deviation.
"Mental health is a harmony of spiritual manifestation or the condition of spiritual life in which a person is fluent in all functions and actions of the soul." (P. O. Butkovsky)
During external examination of the body of the patient attention is given to the body type of the patient, the skin, which can hide a propensity of a patient to self-harm, drug abuse, antisocial or past traces of the migrated disasters. Diagnosed organs and systems of the patient to a chronic and complicated disease which can lead to mental illness. The psychiatrist also explores memory and the harmony of mind of the patient, type of his personality. Based on these observations, a psychiatrist and diagnoses the patient.