Causes of cracks on the tongue
If glossalgia aside from cracks in the language, also have itching, burning, soreness, dryness, puffiness, the appearance of plaque. The reasons for the development of this disease include lack of nutrition (particularly b vitamins, vitamin PP), anemia, allergic reactions to medicines or toothpaste, constant nervous tension, chronic fatigue, mechanical damage of the tongue (pozhevyvanie, nervous biting), wearing poorly matched dentures. In addition, the cause of the cracks are several diseases, including gastritis, hepatitis, enterocolitis, cholecystitis.
A fairly common cause of glossalgia - malfunctions of the Central nervous system caused by frequent stress, chronic fatigue, lack of sleep. Cracks on the sides of the tongue can be a sign of thyroid disease. Glossalgia can occur due to helminth infection, because they exhaust the body and cause anemia. To determine the cause of the cracks on the language is necessary to make a detailed analysis of blood to determine what nutrients are lacking in the body. Often, to get rid of glossalgia all you need to do is adjust the diet.
Cracks on the tongue can indicate diseased liver, as in this case, the body is not receiving many important minerals.
How to treat cracks on the tongue
The sooner you start treating glossalgia, the easier it is to get rid of it. Therapy will depend on the factors contributing to the emergence of the disease. For a start remove the dental causes of glossalgia: replace defective seals, adjust the prosthesis. Then thoroughly examined by a physician, neurologist, and if necessary - a gastroenterologist and an endocrinologist.
As a rule, the patient is prescribed drug therapy, physiotherapy. You need to take medications that improve blood circulation in the tissues of the oral cavity, as well as preparations that improve total brain circulation ("Trental", "Cavinton", vitamin C, nicotinic acid). To improve the tone of the autonomic nervous system prescribe sedatives tincture of motherwort, Valerian, "Persen". Additionally can be assigned hirudotherapy (treatment with leeches), electroneurostimulation apparatus chance. Will be effective electrophoresis, iontophoresis novocaine.
When severe pain of the cracks of language also prescribe pain medications of local action - "Tetracaine", "Lidocaine".
During treatment of the diet should eliminate foods that irritating the surface of the tongue: sour, salty, pickled. You should not use spices in large quantities, it is recommended to give up Smoking. After each meal you have to brush your teeth and be sure to rinse your mouth with a decoction of herbs (sage, oak bark) or salted water.