Taurine and its role in the human body
The amino acids containing sulfur, is taurine. In the body it is present in the Central nervous system and, in particular, in the brain. The average content of taurine in the body is 1 g per kilogram of body weight. The main sources of this amino acid are any fish and seafood (e.g., clams, crabs). In its natural form it is found in breast milk and some types of meat.
At low levels of taurine in the body may develop diseases of the heart muscle, disorders of the retina, can slow down the growth of the skeleton.
Taurine participates in processes of energy transfer, promotes the excretion of toxins from the body. It regulates the concentration of calcium and stabilizes the cell membrane. Taurine participates in the formation and the maintenance of good health, for example, plays a role in normalizing the level of liquid in muscle cells, has an impact on the level of adrenaline and insulin on digestion fat products, on metabolism, cholesterol, immune system, production of bile, of semen. Taurine is necessary for optimal development and functioning of the Central nervous system, it exerts a beneficial effect on stress, mental activity, in the development of extreme energy.
What products contain cystine and methionine
Cystine is a nonessential sulfur-containing amino acid. It helps digestion, and can neutralize some toxic substances and protects the body from radiation. Cystine is one of the most powerful antioxidants, its effect is enhanced by simultaneous intake of selenium and vitamin C. This amino acid contains food with a high level of protein: meat, chicken, fish, dairy products, seeds, nuts, legumes, oats. A certain amount of cystine present in broccoli, Brussels sprouts, onion, garlic, red pepper.
The deficiency of methionine can lead to atherosclerosis.
Methionine belongs to the essential sulfur-containing amino acids. It is required for the biosynthesis of biologically important compounds in the body. This substance promotes the normalization of fat metabolism, has a mild antidepressant effect, is involved in the development of immune cells, plays an important role for the normal functioning of the nervous system. Methionine has a stimulating effect on cholesterol metabolism, restores cells of the kidneys and liver to remove toxins from the body, increases the overall tone, prevents the excessive deposition of fat.
Methionine is contained in the following foods: meat, eggs, fish, sesame seeds, grains (oats, wheat germ), almond, corn, beans, peanuts, lentils, brown rice, buckwheat, pearl barley, semolina, millet groats. The greatest number of amino acids contained in chicken and beef meat, beef liver, eggs, cod.
Advice 2: What foods stimulate mental activity
The physical and emotional state is the result of multiple and diverse biochemical processes in the body. Substances participating in these processes, the body is mostly able to produce on their own, but often in insufficient quantities. So require that they come from outside, for example, with food. So, to improve mental performance, there are certain foods.
What substances stimulate the brain
To improve brain function, ability to concentrate, to think quickly and to remember required, it is necessary that the body has enough glucose. In addition, you require unsaturated fatty acids, accelerating blood circulation, allowing cells to receive more nutrients. For the activity of brain cells need vitamins C, E and b group, especially B1, B2 and B12. To improve memory the essential microelements: zinc, iodine, boron, calcium, magnesium and iron.
If it is urgent to "enable" the brains, you should eat some unsalted and unroasted nuts or seafood, low-fat cheese, dried fruit or a few pieces of salted fish fatty varieties.
What foods need to eat to successful mental performance
Nutritionists say that the diet of the person engaged in mental activity, there must be salmon, eggs, blueberries, cabbage and mustard. These products improve the speed of information perception, the ability to concentrate and have a beneficial impact on memory. The mustard and blueberries – an excellent tool for the prevention of Alzheimer's disease. Those who work a lot on the computer as often as possible to eat the blueberries fresh or dried.
Essential brain easily digestible glucose contained in honey, fruits and dried fruits are very useful in this regard and walnuts, contain many active substances that nourish brain cells and stimulating mental activity. They should eat regularly, 4-6 walnuts a day. Stimulates the brain and other nuts: almonds, pistachios, cashews, etc. has a Beneficial effect on the brain and dark chocolate.
In fatty fish contains many substances necessary for the brain: unsaturated fatty acids omega-3, vitamins A, D, E, minerals iron, phosphorus, magnesium, selenium.
From foods that increase intelligence, it is necessary to allocate the cranberries. Most berries and drinks based on them contain a lot of antioxidants, which not only affect the mental sharpness and improved memory, but also provide a comprehensive healing effect on the entire body.
Stimulates brain activity and lemon, which contains vitamin C and active bioforma silicon needed to control the muscle nerves. In sugar beet and cabbage contain substances that Deplete the enzymes that reduce the memory. No less useful these vegetables are also pickled. Will help improve brain function and eating spinach and leafy salads source of folic acid – vitamin B9.
Advice 3: What foods most calcium
Calcium is an important macronutrient for human health. The lack of calcium in food leads to reduced stamina and the decline of physical strength. A prolonged deficiency of calcium may develop osteoporosis — brittle bones. To ensure sufficient intake of calcium in the body, one must consume foods rich in this macronutrient.
The main part of the calcium is normally obtained from dairy products. It is widely believed that the record for the calcium in these foods is cow's milk. It really is rich in calcium, but in order to meet the daily need for this macro, you need to drink about a liter of milk. The milk must be low-fat as cow fat prevents the absorption of calcium. By the way, the milk of sheep and goats contains more calcium than cow's milk.
One of the most calcium-rich dairy products is also called cottage cheese. However, this is another common misconception. As a rule, the calcium in the cottage cheese contains even less milk. Milk products: yogurt, yogurt, yogurt — contain about as much calcium as milk. And products based on milk fat: butter, sour cream, cream, margarine — calcium quite a bit.
In fact, most calcium among milk products contain a variety of cheeses, particularly hard and semi-hard varieties. To meet the daily need for calcium, it is enough to eat 100 grams of this cheese. Cheeses, pickled and processed cheese are also rich in calcium.
Nuts and seeds
An excellent source of calcium are nuts and seeds. The champion on the content of calcium among these products is the poppy and sesame seed. Sesame seeds can be added to various dishes as seasoning. In addition, the market can be found in sesame halva and brittle. Quite a lot of calcium in almonds, hazelnuts, pistachios and sunflower seeds.
Vegetables and herbs
Among the different types of greens more than just calcium contains nettle, Basil, parsley, watercress, lettuce, fennel, spinach and green onions. Many vegetables also contain calcium, however they can not be called products rich in this macronutrient. However, calcium entering the body from vegetables, is considered to be easily digestible, so the vegetables can be considered as an additional source of this macronutrient. The foods that contain calcium include green olives, garlic, various types of cabbage (especially red), carrots, turnips, radishes, onions, beets and pumpkin.
Among the other products are good sources of calcium are white and milk chocolate, cocoa powder, white dried mushrooms, dried fruits (dried apricots, dried apricots, raisins, dates, figs), some seafood (sardines in oil, crabs, prawns, canned mackerel, anchovies, oysters), whole grains and cereals, legumes (soybeans, white beans, peas), citrus fruits (oranges and tangerines) and egg.
Advice 4: What foods contain cholesterol
Cholesterol – a natural fatty alcohol that is found in all living organisms. It is synthesized in the human liver and partially comes from the food consumed. In small amounts it is required for production of sex hormones and reliability of membrane-walls in the cells. However, an excess of this substance can lead to clogging of blood vessels and heart problems.
Foods rich in cholesterol
The main damage to the body brings the cholesterol of animal origin. In large quantities it is contained in the fat and fatty meat: pork, mutton and aquatic birds. In smaller amounts it is present in beef, veal, rabbit and chicken. That is why those who suffer from high cholesterol levels in the blood, should reject such products or to reduce their consumption to a minimum.
Any fast food also contain harmful cholesterol. Especially dangerous is the fries and chips, hamburgers, cheeseburgers, and any other sandwiches with meat patties and sauces. In addition to cholesterol, and they contain a whole range of carcinogens and synthetic chemicals that combine to adversely affect human health.
In the list of foods rich in cholesterol include eggs. They especially abundant in egg yolk. With high cholesterol they should not be there at all. In other cases, consumption of eggs should be limited to 3-5 pieces a week, as one person receives necessary for the body lecithin. To eat eggs in scrambled eggs, boiled hard-boiled or soft-boiled.
Quite a lot of harmful cholesterol contained in fat dairy products: whole milk, butter, hard cheese, homemade sour cream and cottage cheese. It is also present in margarine. A lot of cholesterol in dishes such as fried potatoes and pies, chicken, fried fish and steaks.
How to reduce the amount of cholesterol in the blood
First of all, you need to review diet, eliminating the above foods, or at least significantly reducing their consumption. From fried foods should be avoided at all, and fatty meats to replace nutritious and healthy marine fish. Latest product, by the way, contains protein, which is digested much better, than meat.
It is also useful to often use products that reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood. These include: oatmeal and buckwheat, various nuts, prunes, legumes, pepper, vinegar and mustard. As well as some types of fish, such as tuna, salmon, halibut and sardines. It is also important to eat more fresh vegetables and fruits. Only to fill them should not sour cream and mayonnaise, and vegetable oil unrefined cold pressed.
As for drinks, it is better to eliminate from the diet any coffee, and black tea to replace completely or at least partially green and herbal. It is also helpful to drink more fresh juices and mineral water.
And, of course, will help to reduce cholesterol sports or long walks anytime of day, and the rejection of bad habits in the form of alcohol and tobacco.
Advice 5: What foods contain melanin
The human body is filled with melanin. These are the pigments contained in the iris, skin, hair. These pigments are produced in the body due to some substances.
According to scientists, melanins are essential catalysts of biochemical processes in the human body. In addition, they take an active part in liquidation of consequences of stress.
Melanin is formed in the body due to the interaction of two amino acids: tryptophan and tyrosine. Therefore, if there is a need to intensify the production of this pigment, it is better to eat those foods that contribute to this process.
We must strive to ensure that your diet is balanced. The body requires a certain daily amount of protein, fats and carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals in diverse and, importantly, multi-colored vegetables and fruits.
Sources of tyrosine are foods of animal origin: meat, fish, liver. But this does not mean that no tyrosine in plant foods. Almonds, avocado, beans contain this amino acid in sufficient quantity. Tryptophan is less common, for example, he is in brown rice and dates. The combination of both acids in bananas and peanuts.
Production of melanin is impossible without the participation of vitamins A, B10, C, E, carotene. They are contained in cereals, grains, bread. Carotene in most orange fruits and vegetables, such as carrots, carrot juice, apricots, peaches, pumpkin, melons. To stimulate the formation of melanin can be used with legumes, e.g., soybeans. Melanin is produced most actively under the influence of sunlight, therefore should be more likely to walk in those moments, when the sky the sun is shining.
However, there are products that contain substances that hinder the production of melanin. These include: smoked products, pickles and marinades, alcohol, coffee, chocolate, vitamin C.