Some people, who decided to build a new home or renovate an existing one, want it had wooden floors. However, skeptics argue that such technology is complicated, expensive, and hardwood floors eventually deteriorate. What are the pros and cons of hardwood floor?
Advantages of wooden floors
Floor, covered with wood, especially if it's well sanded and coated with lacquer, very beautiful. Perhaps for its aesthetic qualities can be compared with only hardwood floors. House with wooden floors immediately evokes a feeling of warmth, comfort and harmony. And it is very important to maintain a healthy moral-psychological atmosphere in the family. It should be noted that with proper maintenance, hardwood floors are durable.
Wood, as already mentioned, environmentally friendly, natural material. Besides, it breathes well, i.e. supports the gas exchange with the environment. Some species of trees, such as pine, spruce, larch, due to the increased content of various resins have antibacterial properties. So the construction of such a tree for a long time without rotting.
It is not surprising that an increasing number of people with the first opportunity to get a rustic, wooden house. It can be constructed of logs, timber. Popular also frame houses that can be built in just a few days.
Many varieties of wood have beautiful graining. By using stains and colored varnishes, you can add wooden floor to almost any color shade, including simulating expensive, elite varieties (for example, mahogany, rosewood, etc.). Thus, even a small, modest house will look very nice.
To lay wooden floor in as any little bit familiar with carpentry and able to use tools, man. However, when building a house, you still should consult with experts.
That is, you can do this yourself and save the money that would go to the labor of carpenters.
If you use decking, grooved boards, on one of the faces of which have thorns, and on the other slots, to get a continuous floor covering, without the slightest gap.
Wooden floors blend perfectly with almost any furniture, design, and also with different types of wall coverings, decorative elements.
Finally, wooden floors, due to the low thermal conductivity of wood, retains heat well. This somewhat reduces the probability of diseases of the tenants in the cold period of the year, and also helps to save fuel to heat your home.
What are the disadvantages of hardwood flooring
Advantages of this type of coverage, as we have seen, a lot. And are there any disadvantages? Yes, there is, and a lot of them too.
First of all, this type of coverage will cost a fairly substantial amount, even if you do all the work with his own hands, without the help of professionals.
Wood floors over time, or due to insufficiently qualified installation, often begin to warp from moisture, crack or rot. Individual floorboards can bend (or even fail). Scratches, dents from solid and heavy objects. That is, sooner or later have to do repairs on the floor. But this involves hassle and expense, even if we are talking about minor, cosmetic repairs.
Before you begin to lay a wooden floor, it is necessary not only to lay the joists, trim a wooden beam, playing the role of supports for boards, but carefully align them. It's pretty tedious work, especially if you decide to install the joists, adjustable for height.
It must be remembered that the thickness of the batten should be at least two times less than the height of the support bar.
This is necessary to ensure that the joists are not warped by moistening or drying of the floorboards.
Prior to lay floorboards, the floor must be warmed, poured into the spaces between joists concrete block, paving or synthetic insulation material (e.g. mineral wool, polystyrene). That is, again, required additional work and expenses.
In addition, the tree, with all its advantages, flammable material, and it can also be attributed to the disadvantages of this type of flooring.
Finally, if the room has a low ceiling, flooring wooden floors (due to the need for pre-laying lag) will make it even lower.
So if you decided to do hardwood floors, first assess your capabilities and weigh all the "pros" and "cons". Consult with experts, rate your strength, as before to take new, it is necessary to clarify all the subtleties and nuances of work.
Advice 2: Home from a bar: the pros and cons
What is the timber
Timber manufacturing technology is divided into solid and glued. Solid timber cut from a tree. Glued laminated timber is made of boards. Board treated with a special compound against rot and glued with resin. This timber resistant to cracking and less fire hazard than solid.
According to the geometry of the beam is normal and shaped. The usual bar is rectangular in shape and the same dimensions throughout its length. In the profiled rail has ridges, castles and grooves. This makes it easy to mount the rail.
The advantages of timber
The timber – aesthetic material. Since ancient times people built houses out of wood, so the desire to live in such a building is natural for every person.
Environmental friendliness is another important parameter in choosing the material for building a house. Solid and profiled timber – eco-friendly material, so as to produce applied only drying.
Timber, processed by special trains enough fire safe.
The durable house made of timber provided, if the production of material and construction technology are met. The service life of structures of laminated veneer lumber is still unknown, as the material began to use relatively recently.
Home price of solid timber below the cost of a house of stone materials by about 30%.
Disadvantages of timber
In contrast to the stone buildings, timber houses require special care. The lumber may eventually poseret, crack or rot.
Environmentally friendly glulam remains in question - because in its manufacture are used substances, unfavorable from an environmental point of view.
Cheap beam undergoes special processing, which affects the fire safety house.
Built from a solid non-profiled bar of natural moisture can be exposed to fungi and rot.
The price of houses from glued beams will be more expensive than the price of a house of stone materials.
Advice 3: Infrared film floor: pros and cons
What is infrared floor?
Infrared film floor is a layer thickness of 5 mm with the applied strips. These strips consist of a carbon fiber heating elements and copper busbars coated with silver plating to prevent burnout.
With the two sides of the heating elements is laminated with a polymer that protects them from moisture and has excellent infrared waves that heat the surrounding objects and people, and they, in turn, the air itself. Acts such film by electricity when connected to 220 volts through the thermostat.
Advantages of infrared floor
- affordability compared to other types of Underfloor heating;
- easy and quick installation. Laying warm film is made without concrete ties, and the time it takes a little – a maximum of two days. For comparison, the water floor is installed within a month. Besides, the film coating can be laid during both major and minor repairs;
- obtaining a certain length. The film is conveniently divided into the desired segments in specially marked places;
- the uniformity of heating of the room. Under convective heating of the ceiling temperature is higher than the bottom. Warm floor eliminates this problem;
- safety for humans, animals and plants. Infrared radiation floor does not affect health, and is used in the production of materials does not cause allergies;
Infrared radiation is even useful for humans and is widely used in hospitals, dentistry, saunas.
- no effect on the air in the house. Film floor does not dry the air and does not burn oxygen in contrast to Central heating and oil radiators;
- ability to apply for different types of coverage: natural wooden parquet, carpet, linoleum, laminate, ceramic tile;
After Assembly of the laminate is required to wait for it to warm up to room temperature before you turn on infrared film underneath.
- universality. The film can be used to cover the floor in comfortable apartments, country houses and villas, on the balcony, stairs, walls, ceiling, separate sections and even in the car;
In the locations of infrared film on walls it is impossible to carry out repair work, i.e., screw, nail.
- the ease of repair. If any heating element has failed, it can be easily replaced;
- achievement of comfort in the short term. Heat can be felt almost immediately after turning warm film;
- ionization of the air. Noted that in rooms with infrared floor the air is saturated with air ions, which are essentially a natural antioxidants. Thus, harmful microorganisms are destroyed and odors, decreases the amount of dust and improves the health of the person;
- quiet operation.
Disadvantages of infrared floor
- consumption of electricity. To save money spent on electricity, infrared film should not serve as the primary heater of the room, just as an extra;
- the necessity of a careful installation, during which it is necessary to monitor the correct connection of the contacts of the film. In addition, before the installation you must prepare a completely flat surface, otherwise the tape can spoil. It is recommended to lay chipboard or plywood. To achieve the desired result, it is better to seek professional help;
- the possibility of electric shock and fire. To ensure the security necessary with a strong grounding and the use of an RCD. In office and industrial buildings will need approval of laying of floor heating with the fire Department;
- the conditions of operation. Film floor is easily damaged by heavy items, by which the surface heats up, which spoils the film itself, coating the floor and furniture. Therefore, it must be laid only on the exposed areas.
Should I buy infrared film?
If you have small children, then definitely infrared warm floor will come in handy. Because the Central heating works all year round, and in winter heat is sometimes not enough. In the basement floor infrared will not allow to freeze the piping or pump, which is important for country structures.
This heating system is advantageous compared to other types of heat provision in areas where there are no conditions of carrying out of Central heating. When using film as the main heater should cover 70 percent of the floor surface.
The acquisition of a warm floor is a personal decision. Before buying it is important to weigh the pros and cons, consult experts, read the user reviews.