You will need
- - grunt "universal",
- - pots,
- - water,
- - drainage.
First find out whether you need to transplant your shefflera. Scheffler, the young plants are transplanted each year because they are actively growing and quickly fill the small pot with its roots. Older plants that are already relatively formed, need transplanting every two or three years. If you still have any doubts, you can do the following: sheflera, remove from the pot and inspect its root system. If you see that the roots envelop the bottom and the earth there are very few – it's time to transplant. If the roots a little bit and the earthen room still free – you can still wait.
Start transplanting from training pot. Scheffler, the young plants are transplanted with partial replacement of earthen coma. The larger the pot, pour drainage and fresh earth so that after planting the plants roots are not protruding outside the new pot. Gently pull sheflera from her old home, remove excess ground and transplant. It is very important that the root system had the ability to grow in the new pot, so plant a plant on a layer of soil, not drainage, slightly covered with earth. After transplanting, the plant must be tightly secured to the pot are not formed voids and roots can tightly stuck to the earth, and plenty of water.
A very large Scheffler transplanted without replacing the soil clod. Just remove the plant from the pot and transfer to another, slightly larger. Do not forget that the drainage in the pot should be in any case. Sometimes, if for any reason the replacement of the soil clod is impossible, it is advisable to replace the top layer of soil. Be careful not to damage the roots, remove the top layer of soil in the pot about 10 cm and pour on top of new fertile soil. Often the top layer of soil in the pot is compressed, impeding the circulation of water and air to the roots. Replacement of this layer is more loose and fertile sheflera has significant health benefits.
Some growers are starting to fertilize sheflera immediately after transplanting so that the plant better survive this unpleasant process. You should not do that. Fertilizer can be made not earlier than one month after the transplantation, and only in the case if you see that schefflera does not hurt and feels good.
Transplant agave grows well in a conventional universal primer. Also perfect for her land with the notation "for trees" or "dekorativnolistnye plants"
Advice 2: How to transplant a Yucca
Yucca is evergreen, and have linear prickly-pointed leaves of the plant agave family, native to North America. The leaves of the plant are collected in an ornamental socket located on the end of the barrel. Externally, the Yucca is very similar to a dracaena with green leaves, but the relationship between them is not observed, although both plants are hardy and not particularly fastidious. Before you deal with the issue of transplantation will examine the conditions of detention and watering the Yucca.
The optimal temperature at which the plant will feel comfortable, is 20-25oC in the spring and summer and 10 ° C in a dormant in winter. Protect the plant during cold weather from drafts and hypothermia. Often to death of the plant results in sharp decrease of temperature.
How often to water the plant? It all depends on size, material of the pot, size of plant, temperature, humidity and characteristics of the substrate. In the spring and summer the plant should be watered abundantly, but only after drying of the top soil to a depth of 5 cm under conditions of moderate temperature maintenance (18-20oC) large instance just one watering a week. Calculation guide that for 10 gallons of soil required 2-2,5 liters of room temperature water at a time (water should be settled). In the heat of summer the plant should be watered more often, but we must not forget that between waterings the soil in the pot should have time to dry. In winter, watering should be reduced to the stagnation of water, the roots do not rot.
To transplant Yucca need in the spring and summer. In the drained substrate is a plant quite successfully developing. Transplanting a plant, be sure to sprinkle on the bottom of the pot drainage layer of gravel, expanded clay or crushed red brick. Select average soil mixture. Buying a mixture with peat, ask whether it is neutralized to a neutral PH (6,0-6,5). Do not interfere in the ground some sand (30% of the total).
It is desirable to preserve the clod of earth around the roots when transplanting plants. Therefore, we recommend to make handling and not transplanting healthy plants. If the Yucca roots have begun to rot from excessive watering, the plant will require unscheduled transplant. Decayed or decaying roots become very soft and easily crushed with your fingers. From these roots, emits a characteristic putrid smell, need to get rid of the transplant.
Advice 3: How to root sheflera
Schefflera is the most numerous genus of the family Araliaceae, it has about 200 species. But only few of them can grow at home. In the indoor horticulture the most common types: radiant schefflera, palmate schefflera, schefflera tree schefflera vasilitsa. The plant has a beautiful look and low maintenance, however to grow sprouts is quite difficult.
You will need
- - pots;
- - a solution of IAA or hormone powder
- - sand;
- - peat;
- - glass or plastic flask.
Take the well-developed Scheffler and cuttings before planting, soak them in a solution of IAA, about 6-8 hours, you can leave them overnight. If this is not possible, just wash the sprouts hormone powder. Mix the sand with peat at the rate of 1:1 and soak the mixture. Take a small (9 cm) pots. At the bottom put drainage of expanded clay or pieces of brick. Pour the mixture into 2-3 cm below the rim of the pot. Plant cuttings. Cover them with a glass jar or plastic cap. Keep room temperature 20-22 degrees, or use a small, not breathable teplichku. Install in a room with dim lighting shoots. Crack planted cuttings, ventilate them and spray. Let's put the sprouts once the roots braided whole earth com. Then keep the plant in a well lit area at a temperature between 14 and 16 degrees.
Sheflera plant aerial roots. For this spring on the trunk of the plant make a shallow cut. Wrap it in dampened moss and cover with foil. Keep the moss moist. After 1.5-2 months the roots are formed. Cut off the top with aerial roots and planted in a mixture of peat and sand. After the sprouts are planted, cut the trunk at the root. Continue to water the tree stump and he will give shoots, which grow well.
Sheflera plant in February or March, after the seeds of plants in a solution of zircon or gap. Prepare for planting in small pots and put on the bottom stone. Pour the drainage of a mixture of sand and leaf soil. Plant seeds to a depth of 10-15 cm, Place the pot under the film or in the greenhouse. Care for seeds and for cuttings: ventilate, spray, keep a constant temperature of 22-24 degrees. When sprouts appear, lower it by 3-4 degrees. Pass shoots in a larger pot after the first leaves, at a distance of not less than 7 cm from each other.
Advice 4: How to grow sheflera
Schefflera – the original tree of the plant family Araliaceae with dark green leathery leaves, which are clustered in a characteristic "umbrella". There are also variegated types with white and yellow spots. Homeland plants – the humid subtropical forests of South-East Asia. In the indoor environment with good care schefflera can reach 2 m in height. To avoid overgrowth and form a magnificent crown, the apical shoots of trees cut. Of these shoots, you can try to grow sheflera.
So, pruning Scheffler took place, and you've got a long-awaited shoot apical. With a sharp knife cut it into cuttings approximately 10 cm long, Put them in a jar with boiled water. To avoid rotting, it is recommended to add water, a little powdered activated carbon. Cover the jar with plastic transparent package that the liquid will evaporate less rapidly. Put in a warm (22oC), moderately lit place.
From time to time check the condition of the cuttings Scheffler. After about a month you'll see the characteristic bumps, indicating that the growth of roots began. Do not rush to plant the cuttings in the soil – for them it will be a lot of stress. Wait for the formation of the linear roots of sufficient length.
Prepare the pots. They should be small, as schefflera will begin to give new shoots as long as its roots do not learn the whole volume of the pot. For growing Scheffler requires loose soil. If you get ready the earth at the flower shop, take the soil for trees. If you mix the substrate independently, take three parts humus or compost soil, one part peat and sand. Be sure to sprinkle on the bottom of the pot layer of expanded clay for drainage.
Plant cuttings Scheffler in the ground. To better through this process, the roots can be slightly opurity kornevina. Look for plants warm, but not hot (16 to 22) a place with multiple light. Variegated types need more light and heat.
Care Scheffler simple. Water the seedlings regularly, but moderately. The Bay will inevitably lead to their death. Between watering the top layer of soil needs time to dry out, but in any case, do not allow complete drying earthen coma. The plant does not tolerate dry air, so it is recommended that regular spraying.
Fertilize sheflera special complex drugs for dekorativnolistnye plants once in two weeks during the period of its intensive growth, which begins in April and lasts until September. Immediately after planting the cuttings Scheffler in the ground to fertilize is not recommended – you risk to burn the roots. Make fertilizer only after you start the process of active formation of new shoots.
In the future, as opletnya clod of earth with roots, transfer the plant into a new pot, the diameter of which is greater by 10-20%. Scheffler, the young plants are transplanted each year, older plants – every 2-3 years.
To root can and leaves Scheffler, however, they will remain sticking out of pot leaves. In order to grow a tree, you need at least a few inches of the barrel.
Winter sheflera is recommended to ensure the lower temperature (14 to 16оС for variegated species – not less than 18 o) and reduce watering. However, in urban conditions in the presence of Central heating make this often impossible. Therefore the plant should continue to exist "for the summer schedule." Place it away from heaters and protect from drafts. Regular watering and spray, as well as organize additional lighting fluorescent lamps.
Advice 5: How to save sheflera
Until recently it was believed that to grow agave grows well only in the garden or Conservatory. Recently, however, it is increasingly possible to see on the window sills in residential and office premises. What to do if your schefflera is sick? How to save her?
You will need
- nutritional zemlesmes;
- dry citrus peel;
- - onions;
- - garlic;
- - Malathion;
- - soap solution;
- - the spray gun;
Subsidence listvalue to know that schefflera sheds its leaves when properly selected temperature conditions. It can be both too low and too high temperature. For example, Scheffler variegated foliage may begin to fall at temperatures below 18 degrees.If the leaves of your flower have turned brown and then fell off, but the trunk is still alive, then save sheflera is possible by grafting it. To do this, prepare nutritious zemlesmes and a new pot. Carefully cut dry branches and sprinkle the cut places of the comminuted coal. Transplant the plant by the method of handling so that its root system is not disturbed. Put the agave grows well in well-lit, warm place. You should know that water sheflera is possible only after complete drying of the soil. Fertilize - after the appearance of several layers of new leaves.
The main enemies Scheffler - scale insects, spider mites and aphids. If you encounter these pests is necessary to isolate the plant and treat the leaves with a soap solution. To deal with pests is possible by using "people" means.For control of ticks, take the garlic and slice it into slices. Carefully lay sliced on the ground around the plant so that the entire ground was covered. Take a plastic bag and put the plant on top. Secure the package in the pot with a rope or elastic bands. In order to save the plants from aphids take 100 g of dry orange peel, pour one liter of warm water and insist 3 days in a warm place. Spray the plant with this solution.In order to save the plant from scale insects it is necessary to make onion extract. Grind a medium onion and let it stand in a glass of warm water for several hours. Wash the leaves of the plant prepared mortar. Use it for spraying.For the treatment of severely damaged plants you can use Malathion. Prepare a mixture of 15 drops of Malathion in 1 litre water. Treat the plant with this medicine.
Spots on rastenievodstva spots on sheflera evidence of excess moisture and insufficient aeration of the soil. Reduce the number of irrigations and vzryhlite soil.The cause of the bright spots can also be excessive lighting. Move the plant to where the light is not so bright. Best of sheflera feels in partial shade.
You should know that the schefflera is afraid of drafts. Because of this, the edges of the leaves can become brown.
Too much watering can cause the roots of the plants will begin to rot and it will have to dry, trim, and transplant.
Dry and damaged ends of the leaves indicate a lack of humidity in the room. In this case you'll have to spray sheflera spray.