Advice 1: How to plant gladiolus

The main thing that you need to know when planting gladiolus, the flower loves sunlight. In Central Russia, the plant should be planted in late April - early may. His place of "residence" - a flower bed, flower bed, etc. – must be oriented from East to West. If the soil is sufficiently hydrated, even at a relatively low temperature, the roots of the gladiolus will intensively develop that will have a positive impact on the imminent appearance of healthy and beautiful flowers. However, the gladiolus is a flower with character, and in its cultivation it is necessary to take into account some of the subtleties...
How to plant gladiolus
You will need
  • - bulbs gladioli;
  • film;
  • - wire frame;
  • - charcoal;
  • - humus or peat;
  • - mullein;
  • chicken or pigeon droppings;
  • - weeds;
  • - caustic soda;
  • - funds from pests.
Land that in the spring you can put the bulbs of the gladioli, is to hide the film in advance, or can even fall to warm the soil. The film is stretched on a wire frame at a distance of 20 – 30 cm from the ground. Spring bulbs should be planted immediately under the film. In warm weather, the wrap should be removed to harden the flowers, it is very important for successful growth and flowering of gladiolus. Finally to remove the cover it will be possible only when under it will appear a lot of germs.
Before you plant the bulbs in the ground, they should clean away dried flakes. If you find suspicious areas (this may indicate the beginning of any illness), it is better to cut, and slices sprinkle with crushed charcoal.
Planting depth depends on the size of the follicles and the condition of the soil. On light soils the bulbs immersed for 10-12 cm in the loamy 2 – 3 cm higher. If the bulbs are small, they and at all should be placed in the 5 – 8 cm from the surface. After planting gladioli in the ground should be covered with a layer of compost or peat of a thickness of 2 – 3 cm.
Over the summer we need to spend several feedings. The first is done with the appearance of the plants of the third or fourth leaf. As fertilizer is being introduced initially, the infusion of mullein, and then infusion of hen or pigeon dung. Gladioli can feed and chlorophyll a hood. For cooking in a barrel it is necessary to put any plants (e.g., weeds, to far to walk), cover them with water and admixed 100 g of caustic soda. After a week with this solution you can start to feed the flowers, spreading liter chlorophyll extraction in a bucket of water. After the appearance of the fourth leaf of the gladiolus is required to spray the crop pests.

Advice 2 : When and what to feed gladiolus

In late summer gladioli represent one of the main both cut flower crops. To get a quality cut blossoms and grow well-ripened corms, which will continue to flower life, not just.
When and what to feed gladiolus
The first feeding of gladioli is usually carried out when the plants will have two sheets, one month after planting bulbs. Any dressing carried out only in liquid form. 0.5 spoons of urea, 0.5 spoons of potassium sulfate, 0.5 liters of chicken manure extract dissolved in 10 l of water and insertion of 1 sq m of crop plants.
Do the second top dressing when the plants will be three leaves.
0,25 tbsp. of urea, 0.5 spoons of potassium sulphate, 1 tbsp soluble complex fertilizer (Rastvorin or Kristallin), 0.5 l of extraction of chicken manure mixed in 10 liters of water and fertilize the plants on 1 sq. m.
At the end of June you can begin prevention against fungal diseases of gladiolus. Diseases such as Botrytis rot and hard, it is better to prevent in advance without waiting for the fungal outbreak. 1 tablespoon Homa (copper oxychloride) should be dissolved in 10 l of water and spray the plants.
With the appearance of fifth leaf make a solution of 1 tablespoon fertilizer (Rastvorin or Kristallin), 1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate is dissolved in 10 liters of water, feeding the plants on 1 sq. m. At the same time, it is good to make foliar fertilizer on the leaves below were a part of zinc sulfate and boric acid 1-2 g per 10 liters of water.
When it begins to form flower arrows, a dressing exclude nitrogen fertilizers. 1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate, 0.5 St. spoon of superphosphate mixed in 10 liters of water and pour the gladioli. To obtain not only high-quality cutting, but also quality of gladiolus corms the necessary potassium. Potassium sulfate is the best fertilizer because it does not contain chlorine.
The last feeding is at the end of August, 3-4 weeks before digging the bulbs. 1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate, 5 g of copper sulphate dilute in 10 l of water and watered the plants.
In dry weather it is necessary to give to drink to the plants. Especially when 3 of the sheet when in the plant there is a tab of inflorescences. If this moment is missed, it grows a short stem and small flowers in the inflorescence.
It is impossible to feed the plants in cold wet weather.
All supplements are made in moist soil.
Useful advice
Inflorescences are cut, when he dissolved the lower flower. Other flowers of the spike and then bloom in the water. The lower spent flowers you need to pinch off.
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