Causes of mastitis in farm animals very much. He often appears on a background of reception of any medicines. Sometimes mastitis is a recurrent disease, for example, in the endometritis of the uterus. However, the most common reason – illness or injury of the udder.
Mastitis in cows usually occurs within one to two months after launch, ie, cessation of milking, before calving, or after calving. During the onset of the launch, you should carefully examine the udder of the animal, it should be done regularly: 2-3 times a week. If you find redness, you should Express some milk. Present in this cereal are evidence of mastitis.
A month later, after cessation of milking in udder formed a secret that the consistency similar to honey. If it is liquid, it is likely that the animal has mastitis. Be sure to check the status of colostrum after calving. To do this, decant a little and put it in a cold place for 1 hour. If colostrum was heterogeneous, stratified, the cow is sick.
Treat mastitis with antibiotics mainly. But since not all of them affect different kinds of bacteria, it is recommended to pick up some milk and take him to the veterinary clinic for the study. They find the cause of mastitis and will select the appropriate treatment.
Many veterinarians nowadays treat mastitis in cows using homeopathic medicines, as antibiotics can accumulate in the tissues and long removed from the body. Milk of a sick animal should not be eaten during this period, and for farms and households this means a large economic loss. Homeopathic medicines quickly restore the functioning of the mammary gland and stop the inflammatory process. Milk from the unaffected parts of the udder can be used for food purposes.
To prevent the occurrence of mastitis in cows, should reduce the probability of hitting the teats pathogens. To do so, before each milking wash the udder with warm water, massaging it, and after milking to disinfect it with a solution of chloride of iodine.
Advice 2: How to treat a cow
If your household have cows, you need to know about diseases that can affect animal and methods of first aid until the arrival of the specialist. Treat the cow in any diseases can only a veterinary specialist. Only with some minor injuries specialist can not call and do on their own.
If the animal is injured, and trunk open wound and bleeding, first we have to stop her to put a clean cloth soaked with hydrogen peroxide, 10% calcium chloride or turpentine. Then the hair around the wound and trimming spread sharply smelling preparations: iodoform, creolin, Lysol, tar. This is done to repel insects. Means of first aid, the cow should always be present in your home medicine Cabinet.
If the cow is badly bruised, you need to put a bottle with ice, trimming the hair on the entire area of injury, spread with creoline or Lysol. For faster absorption RUB iodine with vaseline or camphor oil with turpentine.
When feeding cows nerazmennye vegetables, there is a blockage of the esophagus. A cow can't regurgitate food eaten. If food is stuck in the upper esophagus, it is necessary to cause regurgitation, to put into his mouth a bottle of oil, pull the tongue. In the case of ineffectiveness of the measures taken need to get stuck item hand. Vegetables can get stuck in the lower esophagus, then immediately call a veterinarian, he will clean the esophagus with a probe.
Bloating of the rumen, if a cow ate too much or ate poor quality food, you need to make an intensive massage of the scar to the left and start to drive the cow, doing all this before the arrival of the specialist as without immediately of the measures taken, the animal will die after 2 hours. Veterinary doctor will make a puncture of the rumen.
After calving in 12 hours, can occur postpartum paresis. Cow shaking, worried. You need to sdaivat milk in the nipple to blow air device Evers. Spread whole cow ammonia. Do not drink pet 12 hours. Then give water in small portions.
Common disease is mastitis. Happens for many reasons: inadequate care, cold floor, not frequent are milking-off of milk. In the presence of mastitis in milk cows, appear curdled flakes, and can even be blood. Treatment: milk every 2-3 hours, to massage the udder, smear the udder with ointment Ichthyol, camphor or iodine ointment. To further improve the contents of the animal and milking to produce quickly for 4-6 minutes otherwise mastitis will again.
At the hotel, if the placenta is not moved, you should immediately call the vet.
And yet there is a terrible disease leukemia. Before grazing the cows they take blood for the detection of infectious disease. If any cow immediately be mine.
If the cow was not covered and remains Yalova, then she has a disease of the ovaries. Treatment the vet prescribes.
FROM contagious diseases: anthrax, foot and mouth disease, brucellosis, tuberculosis need to put the cow vaccinations.
When the content of cows in dry, clean conditions and with proper care and proper milking your cow will always be healthy, will delight the timely calving and good milk production.
Advice 3: How to treat mastitis in dogs
If the dog was the so-called false pregnancy too early or you took the puppies from her Breasts due to excess milk from your beloved girls can develop mastitis – inflammation of mammary glands. What preventive measures are needed in order to avoid this disease? And how to treat the dog in case of illness?
To prevent mastitis, which usually begins to develop within 60 days after the sexual cycle, fertilization is not ended (i.e., after a false pregnancy), lubricate the nipples of the dog 1 time a day camphor oil immediately after the end of estrus within 3-4 days. Tight bandage nipples.
Inspect daily owenissalty dog. If puppies are weak to suck all the milk, apply them to different teats so that the milk does not stagnate.
And after the truth, and after a false pregnancy promptly treat wounds and cracks in the nipple.
Do dog massage with vegetable (preferably olive) oil and gently Express the milk. If the nipple is swollen, gently wipe it with soapy water, and then smear antiseptic ointment.
For the duration of lactation do not give a nursing dog milk, limit her drinking.
Regular show lactating, in the absence of fertilization, the dog to the vet. If you do not intend to breed the puppies, that, before the first heat, sterilize it.
If to prevent illness failed, the dog was lethargic, her temperature has risen, and from the nipples seemed watery discharge pus or even blood, is immediately take her to the reception to the veterinarian or to call it home. Puppies should be immediately taken away from the breast.
If your doctor has prescribed treatment (antibiotics, anesthetics, anti-inflammatory and antipyretics), follow the recommendations, do not remove the protective blankets with the dogs.
In the case of the dog purulent mastitis treatment is best done directly in the hospital (at least the first few days), as in a modern apartment is not always possible to comply with all conditions of sterility. If at the hospital there is no hospital, the daily call the doctor so he can conduct all the necessary therapeutic measures properly, and, in the case of deterioration, to quickly adjust treatment.
In that case, if the disease has gone too far or in the absence of positive dynamics in the course of the disease, doctors prepare the dog (and its owners) for the operation, which will be opened ulcers, or if the dog is already more than 6 years, removed the affected breast.
Purulent mastitis is an inflammation of the mammary gland with the formation of pus in the ducts or abscess — cavity filled with pus. To treat mastitis should be a doctor! • Purulent mastitis is a complication of mastitis caused by an infection when the causative agent gets into the tissues of the breast through cracked nipples or from foci of chronic inflammation in the mother's body.
How to prevent mastitis. In the period of breastfeeding the mother is especially important nothing to catch, because almost any infection in the body can lead to the development of the inflammatory process in the mammary gland: to what used to be called gradnica, and Purulent mastitis is the most severe form of inflammation of the mammary gland and is characterized by a sharp deterioration of the General condition of the woman, severe intoxication.