When planting eggplant note that for the full development of this culture in the home, you need to ensure the optimum room temperature is 20-25C. Before planting, should be prepared air - and moisture-proof soil, rich in organic substances with a neutral reaction. Higher doses of heat, sun and nitrogen has a beneficial impact on the development and growth of eggplant.
Seedlings of eggplant
Eggplant seeds should be planted immediately in a separate container, avoiding further conflict in that culture. In a prepared soil mix should be planted 2-3 seeds at a depth of 1-2 cm stronger Rostock place, removing the weakest seedlings. Immediately after planting, capacity cover with a film or glass. After germination the seedlings will move to a more lit place, regularly watering it every 3-5 days. Settled for irrigation use warm water.
Mature sprouts seedlings will be transplanted in a more free capacity. Remember: eggplants grow well in fertilized, sandy soils. Seedlings should be planted at 1-1. 5 cm deeper than they were growing before. After transplanting the seedlings liberally pour.
Timely watering, weeding, hoeing and tillage are the principal requirements for growing eggplant. 10-14 days after planting seedlings should be fed. For this purpose a solution of manure (1:10) mixed with potash salt (10-15 g), ammonium nitrate (10 g), superphosphate (50 g). The mixture moderately watering the seedlings every 10 days.
When growing eggplant at home (on the balcony), the main pest of the culture mite. To combat them, use a garlic infusion. To cook 1 Cup of pulp diluted in a bucket of water. The resulting solution is treated seedlings 1-2 times a week, spraying infected leaves.
Advice 2: How to grow a Petunia hanging plant
In summer, decorate your balcony, windowsill or garden beautiful and lush flowers. For that perfect basket, or cascading Petunia, which has drooping, long and incredibly beautiful shoots with exquisite flowers. She looks great in hanging baskets and balcony boxes, pulling admiring glances.
You will need
- - compost or humus;
- - lime (in acidic soil);
- - Petunia seeds;
- - small pots and tapes;
- - fine-grained soil;
- - fluorescent light;
- - humus or peat;
- - mineral and organic fertilizers;
- - hoe.
First, select the most suitable place for growing petunias. These flowers prefer well-lit, Sunny places. The lack of light shoots form a large number of leaves and much elongated, the flowering thus weakened, the decorative effect is lost. If your loggia facing South – Petunia will be the best decoration.
Petunia grows well on sandy and loamy soils, but even better blooms and develops in the loose and fertile soils. It is easy to make in the soil a mixture of compost or humus (in any case not fresh manure, it contributes to the defeat of fungal diseases). If the soil at the site is acidic, make the lime of the rate of 200-300 grams per square meter.
Seedlings should be grown in advance. Visivite ampelnoe Petunia in the period from February to April, the sooner you plant the plant, the more illumination required. For planting, use a fine soil with low content of nutrients and a small magazine, so you can do without picks. When Petunia let go 3-4 strong leaf, transplant into small pots. The optimum temperature for growth is 18-20 degrees.
Light is one of the main components, use artificial lighting for 14 hours, then increase to 14-20 hours. For this you need a daylight lamp, and then sunlight for successful growth and the more the better.
Plant seedlings in open ground in the evening or in cloudy weather, pre-watering the potted plants. The distance between the seedlings petunias should be 25-30 cm. In containers, vases, balcony boxes, or the distance can be cut in half. After landing successfully, pour the soil, and the soil multiroute humus or peat. Mulching will help protect the flowers from frost and allow the ground to preserve moisture.
Further care of Petunia consists in loosening the soil, weeding and watering in dry weather. Periodically (every 10-15 days) make a lure, these factors will influence the duration of flowering. Feed pellets, scattering them around the flowers in wet weather, or mineral fertilizers, pre-dissolved in water for irrigation. Organic fertilizers give a good result (humic fertilizers or infusion of mullein).
Advice 3: How to grow persimmon from seed
The persimmon fruit is not just delicious and beautiful, but also very useful due to its healing properties and vitamins and minerals. Growing persimmons at home has become increasingly popular among Amateur gardeners, despite the fact that quite easy to grow tropical miracle tree with his own hands on the windowsill.
You will need
- - seeds of the persimmon;
- - potassium permanganate;
- - pots;
- - activator;
- - soil for indoor plants;
- - cellophane.
To grow persimmons from seed at home can a beginner gardener. It is enough to choose the ripest, featuring healthy-looking shell, the fruit in the store. The skin should be intact and tight, free of cracks and dark spots. The sepals should be green and fit snugly to the berry. The selected instance is put in a warm place until, until it reaches absolute maturity. Seeds just like this persimmon will sprout.
Type in a glass of water and extract liquid from the pulp of persimmon seeds. Drop them in a glass of water. Those that floated to the surface, throw - shoots they will not. Other seeds pour a weak solution of potassium permanganate or shampoo and leave it on for three days. Prepare the soil for planting seeds - it will suit absolutely any land for houseplants. Pre-calcinate it in the oven, as the persimmon does not differ resistance to bacterial and fungal diseases.
Take a small container, whose diameter should be no more than 15 inches, sprinkle on the bottom of the expanded clay and fertile soil. Lower seeds at a depth of 1-2 cm and pour, cover with plastic wrap and put in a warm place (near the battery). Periodically ventilate the pot, lifting the cellophane, add some water as dry land. After a couple weeks the first shoots, at this time you can remove the tape.
It often happens that the bone remains at the end of the sprout. If within two days, she will not disappear, try and very carefully remove the valves, otherwise the sprout will die. Seedlings grow very quickly, so it is recommended to periodically repot in a container slightly larger that the root system did not lack of space.
In summer it is recommended to make the tree on the balcony or in the yard, on a well-lit place. Since persimmon does not like direct sunlight, the first time pritenyayut plant. Twice a month, fertilize the tree with mineral and organic fertilizers.
Once emerged, young seedlings, produce pinched at the level of 30-50 centimeters for further branching. Leave three apical shoots. When they reach a height of 30-40 centimeters, priderite them. In the same way priderite second-order branches. Gradually form a rounded tree five feet tall. As the plant is early, the first flowers can be seen already in the fourth year after planting.
Advice 4: How to grow Petunia from seed
Petunia is one of the most popular ornamental plants that adorn the gardens and facades of buildings. Grow petunias in a closed container, and in the normal soil. From one little seed grows a big Bush full of bright, beautiful colors.
You will need
- - Petunia seeds
- - Plastic conainer
- - Sand
- The substrate soil
- - Spray
Before planting, decide the most appropriate for your purposes type petunias. Shrub form is best suited for decorating flower beds, flowers are a bit smaller than usual, but can be perfectly restored after the rains. And for decorating walls and balconies are designed ampelnye petunias stems that grow straight at first, and then under the action of gravity flowers droop beautiful strands.
Purchasing Petunia seeds, give preference to varieties that are most suitable to your climate environment. Also see what type of seeds you offer, with the shell or without. Clean seeds germinate faster and the germination percentage are slightly above. Seeds in the shell are better protected from disease and mechanical damage, and to plant them much easier.
Before sowing, seed must be mixed with dry sand in the ratio 1:5. Spread the mixture evenly on the surface of the soil substrate in a plastic tray with dimensions of 30 by 40 centimeters. sprinkle on Top of seeds is not needed, simply pour them through a strainer with water with a small addition of previcur that will help protect young seedlings from defeat fungal diseases. Cover the container with a transparent film.
After about a week you have in the tray will zaslanets the first sprouts. Remove the tape. The young shoots are so delicate that they can even kill jets of irrigation water. Therefore, very carefully watered the plants, and even better obrushivaet their spray. Watch for the shoots, weak and unsuccessful it is possible to thin out already at the stage of the third leaf.
After two weeks the flowers should be seated in a special cassette with holes or in individual cups. When transplanting to dive down each plant to encourage the growth of root system. Periodically fertilize the seedlings with special additives and mineral fertilizers.
After 3 weeks after transplanting petunias can be planted in the ground or flower pots. Be careful at the time of landing the night temperature did not fall below 14 degrees. Topping stem apex causes Petunia to throw out side shoots. This way you will be able to shape the shrub to your liking. The floral crown will delight you with its variety of colors until the first frost.
If Petunia had lowered blossom, tear off all the remaining flowers, and after a few days they will give the plant a new flower wave
Advice 5: How to grow perennial Phlox from seed
Bright Phlox sow in suburban areas and urban flowerbeds in the school flower beds and balconies. Their name translates from Greek as "fire." Phloxes bloom for a long time, it smells nice and quietly tolerate any whims of weather. Perennial plants propagated mainly by cuttings or by dividing the Bush. But you can grow them from seed. Annual varieties reproduce primarily by seeds.
You will need
- the seeds of the Phlox;
- - garden tools;
- - a plot of land;
- - nepromesa earth;
- - watering.
Before collecting seeds Phlox, determine they are ripe. This will be drilled with an awl one of the boxes with seeds and rate their appearance. They should be large and dense, have different shades of green. Also the seeds of these flowers available in flower shops.
Perennial Phlox seeds quickly lose their germination, so wait until spring it. In addition, for the normal development of plants, planting material needs to be chilled. Start to prepare for planting immediately after harvest. Select the plot on which flowers can grow for several years. Note that Phlox not feeling well in shaded areas and in the marshy lowlands. Consequently, under the thick canopy of trees to not sow.
Join in the preparation of the soil. It should be nutritious and loose. This will ensure a long and lush flowering. The land should not be a large amount of sand, not like the Phlox and heavy acidic soil. On such lands the shoots, most likely, will not appear. Garden bed or flower bed must be prepared before the first frost.
To carry out sowing of perennial Phlox are best in November or December. The deadline is January, but not later. The closer the planting is in the spring — the less likely that the seeds sprout. Snow shouldn't scare you, just to purge it from the bed.
Frozen on the surface of flowerbeds spread out the seeds. The optimal distance is 5-6 cm from each other. Pour a thin layer of ordinary garden soil. It can be prepared in advance or buy at the garden store. Don't have to do a solid layer, just sprinkle the seeds. Sprinkle the bed with snow and wait for spring. When using this method in the spring almost all the seeds germinate and most of the plants blooms.
When growing annual Phlox a flower bed, prepare the same as for perennial plants. You can do it in the spring and autumn. On the surface of the soil scatter the seeds at a distance of 3-4 cm they Pour from a watering can and cover with plastic wrap. The ground cover is not necessary. Every day for a short time remove the foil to let the plants breathe a bit, Strachowice it condensate. After the seeds germinate, remove the tape entirely.
During the multiplication of seeds of perennial phloxes quite often lose their varietal characteristics. Therefore, to use this method in case if you want to get more colors, but the variety is unimportant to you.