Advice 1: How to distinguish genuine sheepskin

Fur have a high cost. For this reason unscrupulous manufacturers warmer products are trying to forge synthetic materials natural. Sheepskin has a number of features by which it can be distinguished from synthetics.
How to distinguish genuine sheepskin
Instruction
1
Note the color of the fur and skin. Sheepskin can not be dazzling white. If fur and skin have a nice creamy shade, you are likely not fake. You should be alerted if the product is a bright creamy or even peach. But one option is hard to judge.
2
Smell fur. If it is suspicious or synthetic smell the distinct aroma of the dye, sheepskin fake. When buying colored fur, this method is unreliable. But if the thing was correctly processed, even after the color remains subtle smell of natural wool.
3
Pull the skin in different directions in the area of any seam. If this is genuine sheepskin, the seam will be invisible through the fur, as the skin is stretched. Synthetic materials are less dense and if they pull, you will notice the thread.
4
Synthetic forgery can be distinguished from the original, if you try to separate the fur and skin. If they break, it is usually the material, which is glued to the fur. When bending the sheepskin should not be seen nor glue, nor any materials. To separate the fur from the skin is impossible.
5
If you have already bought a fur coat, but you are plagued by vague doubts about its authenticity, then find out it may be a result of wear. Natural sheepskin not hot, but at the same time and not cold. In synthetics, the person begins to constantly sweat and feel uncomfortable.
6
Buy similar products in major stores with a good reputation. Of course, the price can be much higher, but the chances to buy a fake times are reduced. If you have never bought stuff from sheepskin, before you make a purchase, walk around the different shops to compare how the real product.

Advice 2: How to distinguish a zero and the earth

How to distinguish between zero and "land" - this issue can occur if you have taken it upon themselves to do something in the house with electricity, but do not know how to connect the three-core cable. Of course, working with electrical networks requires caution, knowledge and some skill.
How to distinguish a zero and the earth
Instruction
1
There are two the easiest way to distinguish between ground and zero. The first method, which, however, does not give you 100% guarantee correct results is to look at the color of your three wire cable. Usually, if electricians who did the wiring in you house, know the standards, they leave the ground on the yellow-green wire. Let's see if you have one, this is most likely a ground.
2
For the second method get a working cartridge and a light bulb at 220 volts. A screwdriver-indicator to find the wire phase and connect it to one of the contacts of the cartridge. The second contact holder alternately connect the remaining two wires. If the bulb glows, the wire is zero. Accordingly, the third wire (the rest is not connected to the cartridge) to the ground.
3
If the bulb does not light, the wire that is connected to the cartridge is grounded. Be careful, if after this procedure, you have lost the light in the apartment, but it can occur after connecting to the cartridge ground wire, so you have RCD (residual current device). If so, find it (it is similar to circuit breaker but it has a test button, button "T") and put the lever in the topmost position.
4
Because the cartridge is under tension when performing all operations, be extremely careful that you are not electrocuted. If you are far from electricians, call a professional and let you will do everything you need.

Advice 3: How to wash sheepskin

Sheepskin is not only environmentally friendly, but definitely durable and beautiful. In addition, sheepskin has a truly unique and useful properties: a positive effect on human health and supports optimal microclimate in the room. At the same time to care for products made of sheepskin simply because they can be subjected to modern processing on the latest technologies.
Give the sheep their whiteness
You will need
  • - mild detergent;
  • water;
  • brush;
  • - a towel.
Instruction
1
The skin sheepskin wash when dirty or once a month, but not often. You can wash both by hands and washing machine. During hand washing, use a special liquid mild detergent. Pour into a basin of warm water, add detergent and push the sheep. Wash quite gently. Thoroughly rinse the product in warm water. In any case, do not use washing detergent and enzymes, alkalis and bleaches.
2
If you decided to wash the sheepskin in the washing machine, select the special mode "Wool". Make sure the water temperature does not exceed 38 degrees. For washing machine use mild detergent, suitable for washing in the machine. Do not use detergents, otherwise you can spoil the skin.
3
After washing, dry the sheepskin in the usual way. To do this, spread out on a flat surface with a towel and lay on him the garment with the fur up. During the drying sheepskin stretch it several times to its original size and shake a couple of times. In any case, no need to put the skin on the battery to dry or use a Hairdryer. Sheep do not iron, bleach or expose to direct sunlight.
4
After the skin has dried it should be brushed with a special brush for animals. Store sheepskin preferably in dry, dark and ventilated place. Do not pack it in plastic, so the skin will not breathe and condensation may form, and this can only spoil the product.
5
To return the sheep to its former whiteness, you can use potato flour. Sprinkle once white fur with potato flour and sprinkle liberally spray a mild solution of soap and household powder. Spread a doughy mass with your hands across the skin and after it dries, clean off with a brush. Dry and lightly villotte thing, then carefully comb and give you the direction you need hair.

Advice 4: How to distinguish natural wine

Wine is not only a great addition to the holiday table, but in small quantities is helpful. Only useful natural wine. A drink made from a powder, not only will not bring benefits, but also can harm health. Accurately distinguish natural wine from a fake can, perhaps, only an experienced taster. But there are a few things that will help with greater confidence to assume that you are buying real wine, not some surrogate.
How to distinguish natural wine
Instruction
1
Pay attention to the price. Too low value can indicate that before you fake. In order to produce a bottle of wine, you need to spend money on wine (grapes), for its processing, to further spill the wine, storage and transportation, etc. That is the final price of the bottle cannot be low. If it is cheap, it's likely made by the powder method.
2
Color, odor, taste should not be too pronounced and sharp. Bright colors, strong smell are signs that wine has impurities and additives. Or it is made from poor quality grapes. The most commonly counterfeited semisweet, dessert, fortified wines. But dry often natural, as their counterfeiting difficult and unprofitable.
3
You can check the naturalness of the wine in the following way. Fill a glass with water, and the flask or bottle, pour a drink. Tightly clamp the neck of the bottle with your finger, turn upside down and immerse the vessel in water. When he will completely be under water, remove your finger. If the wine is mixed with water, then before you fake. Make sure to include many colors, sweeteners and other substances. Natural wine is lighter than water, so mixing will not occur.
4
Pour in the wine a little glycerin. If the drink is natural, glycerin sink to the bottom of the glass will remain transparent. If you fake, then it turns reddish and yellow tones.
5
Look for buying to packaging. If it does not indicate that the wine is natural, this drink is not worth taking. In addition, the bottle of natural wine must indicate the year of harvest (up to five years aged up to three years is fine). Do not buy wine in boxes. These wines are most often counterfeited, because the use of glass containers significantly increases the cost of the wine, i.e., producers are not profitable to use a bottle. And the best place to buy wine in special wine shops and boutiques, where the risk to buy a fake less, and also there are special conditions for storage of this wonderful drink.

Advice 5: How to distinguish a synthetic oil from mineral

Currently, the automotive accessories market is huge, motorists can choose for your car any product depending on their needs and capabilities. But how to navigate among such a range? For example, when choosing motor oil, the question may arise which one is better for your car? There are synthetic and mineral motor oiland synthetic blend. Depending on your goals and situation, you need to choose a more suitable. So what is the difference between oils?
How to distinguish a synthetic oil from mineral
You will need
  • mineral motor oil;
  • synthetic engine oil;
  • - consultation of the dealership.
Instruction
1
First, we need to focus on your car. As a rule, manufacturers of certain brands often provide tests of the mechanisms their cars. Based on this, they often give advice on the type of oil that best fits this type of engine. Dealers service centers can advise you, choosing what to make your model the right products
2
It is necessary to take into account seasonality and certain properties of motor oils. So, mineral oil is natural, that is, has a basis in her original form after refining. A synthetic created by a synthesis of the natural substrates with so-called additives additives each of which has certain properties. Creating a synthetic basis was required when mineral oil isused for aviation purposes, began to freeze at low temperatures. Under the influence of chemical molecules natural base has acquired new properties — resistance to temperature changes. It was invented synthetic mineral oil. The ability to maintain its original properties (viscosity, yield stress) when the external environment is one of the main differences between synthetic oil from mineral. Due to this property, those who are in the winter, use synthetic oil, the engine starts easier. Because at first, he warms up, then overheats, then cools down — and synthetic oil at this time is operating as usual.
3
The second distinctive feature of synthetic oil is its life. Filling your engine with mineral oil, you have to understand that to change it you will have more, as it quickly becomes unusable. It should be noted that it is best to use motor oil in the same category and manufacturer. Mixing oil is not desirable. The best option would be to either stock up on Pro stock one oilm or a mix of different characteristics (viscosity, labeling) oil one manufacturer than of the same type (mineral or synthetic) of different companies. Since the production technology is different, the oil may coagulate, which will not result in anything good for the engine.
Useful advice
Also synthetic oil can reduce engine wear, increases power, makes it easier to start a cold motor in the winter and also to save fuel. Semi-synthetic motor oil combines quality mineral oils and synthetic. They differ from synthetic because they are composed of a smaller number and concentration of additives. Mineral oil generally wins in the price index. Usually it is half or two times cheaper than the synthetic oil.

Advice 6: How to distinguish warm colors from cool

The human eye perceives the surrounding world of color. Shades of colors are divided into warm and cold. This division has a practical value, for example, when writing paintings, painting historical miniatures, cosmetics. However, many admit that they can't tell a warm color from the cold. How to learn this?
How to distinguish warm colors from cool
You will need
  • - gouache;
  • brush;
  • - landscape sheet.
Instruction
1
First of all, remember that there are three primary colors: yellow, red and blue. Of these, the first two to warm, the latter cold. All other colors and shades thereof. They will be "warm" or "cold" depends on what and in what proportions they mixed the base color. For example, orange is warm because it is obtained from the warm primary colors of red and yellow. Blue, by contrast, is always cold, as it is based on diluted blue. Green is traditionally considered neutral because it is formed by their blue and yellow, but shades of green, dominated by one of the colors belong to the warm or cold spectrum depending on the dominant color.
2
Warm colors evoke associations with summer, sun, fire, and cold with winter, snow, ice. At the basis lies the warm shades of yellow, the basis of cold is perceived as white. If you susceptible to the influence of colors, you'll notice that looking at a warmer shade, you feel a surge of energy, excitement, and looking for a cool, calm down, start thinking rationally. Spatial cool shades perceived to be more distant from the viewer than are warm.
3
Practice mixing primary colors to better determine how is a particular color or shade. To do this, take the jar with red, yellow and blue gouache and a sheet of landscape. As a visual aid, use the chromatic circle, examples of which can be found on the Internet. Learn to determine the composition of the color accurately on the eyes.
4
Keep in mind that the perception of shades is largely influenced by the color of their environment. For example, if you put two patches of color "cadmium red" and "Carmine", the first will seem warm and the second cold. A similar example can be quoted from other parts of the color spectrum: a neighborhood with blue makes purple seem warmer, the neighborhood red – cold.

Advice 7: How to distinguish natural amethyst from synthetic equivalent?

Natural amethysts are beautiful and relatively inexpensive. Synthetic amethysts are more than perfect and are sold a lot cheaper. However, before you get stuck on the question of choice is not even worth it. It is concerned with how to distinguish natural stones from man-made analog...
amethysts
There are many methods of determining the authenticity of amethyst. Go from simple to complex...

Visual inspection allows to reliably determine the presence of stones of uneven color. Smooth purple color, also change its color with the change of lighting, has a synthetic amethyst. Natural gem izvechen uniform.

Tactile contact (attach the stone to the inner side of the elbow) makes it possible to investigate the thermal conductivity of the sample. Natural amethyst long keeps cool. Its synthetic analogue is heated much faster.

Water test, for all its simplicity, very informative. Real amethyst in the water looks pale around the edges. Synthetic, being immersed in a container of water, looks exactly painted.

In UV light a natural gem looks uniformly pale. Synthetic stone under the rays of UV lighting reminds of a leopard...

Jewelry processing of the stone involves the abandonment of the girdle amethyst insert rough – if the stone is natural. Synthetic amethysts have polished the gap between the crown and the pavilion.

In the presence of the microscope (including portable) make sure you have many of the defects of natural stone. It is a synthetic analogue of any of the cavities of the tubules, cracks and other irregularities completely devoid.

Spectral and x-ray diffraction analysis – methods of the laboratory, accurate and cheap. However, they help to find out the truth in the most severe cases.

Advice 8: How to distinguish organic vegetables from the vegetable nitrates

Nitrates – salts of nitric acid. They are in every living organism, so their presence in the human body is perfectly natural and is no harm. But the excess of these substances is dangerous to health. Basically, the nitrates enter the body from foods of plant origin, primarily from vegetables. Therefore, it is important to know how to distinguish the useful vegetables from nitrate.
How to distinguish organic vegetables from the vegetable nitrates

How to determine the naturalness of vegetables




First and foremost, you want to track seasonality. If the season, for example, of tomatoes, has not yet come, and you see them on the shelves, so they imported. And in order to increase their shelf life, they add nitrates. Find out on the duration of the harvest seasons of your country and not be fooled.


Chemicals are added to the vegetables to keep their appearance. Therefore, if the products look unnaturally flawless, fresh and strong, most likely, they will not benefit you.
Remember, lice, and flies attracted by the aroma of natural products, so they completely ignore nitrate.



How to avoid mistakes when choosing vegetables




When choosing tomatoes pay attention to their color. If they have an orange tint, it means they were grown with application of fertilizers. Then try the tomato to the touch. Push down with your finger: if the skin does not burst and it left a dent from your finger, rather, the product is full of nitrates.
Sometimes the tomatoes are sold directly on the branches. Hemicalname tomatoes are nice and fresh, they do not detach from the branches, even if they begin to rot inside.



When choosing cucumbers move your hand over their surface. Soft, thin, easily erasable spikes talking about the genuineness of the product. Rude thorns and dark green skin means that cucumbers grew on nitrate plantations. If there is no smell of pickles to buy and not worth it.


Journalists held a special experiment in which revealed that the majority of cucumbers on the market and in supermarkets don't smell, and therefore taste.


When choosing carrots, note the color. Natural fully orange, it lacks the green and yellow specks.


When selecting cabbage do not think that the black dots and stains on it indicate the absence of nitrates. On the contrary, dark spots on leaves is a fungus that develops on nitrate in vegetables.


Test the cabbage. Leaves natural usually dense. The base of the leaves, the stalks should not be fat.


Potato tubers grown without added chemicals, are also recognized in appearance and to the touch. Potatoes with green spots suggests that the tubers had spent too much time in the sun. These stains are a sign of the presence of toxic solanine toxin produced in plants and are very dangerous to human health even in small doses.


Natural potatoes should be firm and elastic. Tubers, containing a large amount of pesticides and nitrates look smooth and even, and they feel quite soft.


If you press on the potatoes with a fingernail, you should hear the crunch. If the nail enters the tuber without sound, it means that such potatoes grown on mineral and nitrogen fertilizers.

Advice 9: How to distinguish genuine from the fake sour cream

Sour cream is a fermented milk product that contains complete milk protein with the necessary amino acids, milk sugars and easily digestible fats. Sour cream is rich in vitamins E, A, B2, B12, C, PP, calcium, iron and phosphorus. But this applies only to quality product, so it is very important to know how to distinguish the real from the fake sour cream.
How to distinguish genuine from the fake sour cream

The characteristics of high-quality sour cream


Cream of the highest grade should not have extraneous odors and flavors, and the grains of protein and fat. A product that meets the standard, has a homogeneous consistency, quite thick and glossy in appearance. Cream first grade may be less thick than products are top grade.
In addition, the possible presence of a more acidic taste and a light weedy taste.


Sour cream, which is made according to GOST contains only cream and a starter. No other additives are invalid only if these conditions are met, the manufacturer has the right to write on the package "sour cream". If the product contains any additives, such as stabilizers and emulsifiers, this package should be written the name which is consonant with the word "sour", for example, "sour cream product". If the manufacturer will replace the animal fat is cheaper and vegetation, then the package will be vegetable-dairy product, if you completely replace the fats, and proteins, then get so-called fat product.

The quality of sour cream can also indicate shelf life and storage temperature. The more the product contains various additives, the greater will be its validity from 2 to 4 weeks with recommended storage temperature of +20oC. Natural and high-quality sour cream can not be stored for more than 5-7 days with storage temperature from +2 to +6оС.

Ways to identify fakes


To know what is in the pack – sour cream or sour cream product, you can make 2 simple experiment. Bought in a spoon of sour cream add a drop of iodine. If the product is genuine and does not contain herbal supplements, its color will change to a small extent to light yellow. If the composition of the cream includes components of plant origin, for example starch, usually added for a more dense consistency, it will acquire a blue tint.

For the second experiment in 1 Cup hot water, add 1 tablespoon of sour cream and stir. If it is completely dissolved and the water will become uniformly white in color, it means you are dealing with a quality product.
Stale sour cream will curdle and precipitate on the bottom of the glass would indicate its low quality.


It should be noted that it is not recommended to use sour cream for people suffering from gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer and gastritis with high acidity.

Advice 10: How to distinguish cod from haddock at purchase

Cod and haddock belong to the rock cod species. Despite some similarities, these two species differ in appearance, composition and nutritional value.
How to distinguish cod from haddock at purchase

Nutritional value and cost of haddock and cod



Cod and haddock is a popular commercial fish species. They belong to the family of cod and presented on the shelves of modern fish shops and supermarkets in the chilled, frozen, salted and pickled.

Compared to cod, the haddock has a more delicate texture and more rich chemical composition. That is why haddock is valued much higher and has a higher price. To see how much both of these species it is necessary to study prices on the market or in the store. In different regions and on different trading platforms the price of fish can vary considerably.

Often unscrupulous sellers trying to sell under the guise of cod haddock. This allows them to sell goods at a higher cost.

Not to fall for the tricks of dishonest sellers or manufacturers that incorrectly mark their goods, to give preference to intact fresh or frozen fish. If the fish is cut into pieces or fillets without the skin, to establish the identity of the products to any mind can be very difficult.
Often manufacturers cover the frozen products of a thick layer of frosting. This becomes an additional obstacle to finding species of fish.


It is advisable not to buy fish in the store in the form of meat, as in this case, manufacturers often replace the meat haddock meat even cheaper representatives of the cod family. As a rule, for these purposes, use fish such as blue whiting, which in some countries is considered a prey species as it has low nutritional value.

How to distinguish cod from haddock



On the surface of cod you can see the small and very faint scales, which is easily removed. Scales of haddock larger, dense. Manufacturers often specifically clean the fish, so that the buyer could not distinguish the cod from the haddock, on the size and type of scales.
If the haddock cleaned from the scales, it should alert the buyer, as usually manufacturers do not clean these types of fish.


Along the lateral line of the cod is light bar. Haddock is characterized by the presence of dark stripes along the body. Most often, these bands are almost black.

Above each pectoral fin haddock has a black spot. Cod have such marks do not exist.

Knowing about all the features of both types and purchasing goods in the store in the intact form or in the form of a carcass, you can easily distinguish haddock from cod.
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