Advice 1: How to cook alkaline solution

This kind of activities as beekeeping, anciently revered by the people and does not lose its relevance for many years. To apiary brought not only income, but also pleasure, you need to maintain a clean and tidy. To reduce the risk of diseases in bees it is necessary to periodically disinfect equipment. Alkali is the most effective means developed for the disinfection of equipment for your apiary. Also by using alkaline solution can disinfect working papers: hives, frames, feeders, insulating pillows. To prepare the alkaline solution is possible even at home.
How to cook alkaline solution
You will need
  • - wooden barrel;
  • - wooden stick;
  • - lime;
  • - ash;
  • water;
  • - caustic soda (sodium hydroxide);
  • - goat's milk;
  • - formic acid/acetic;
  • - hydrogen peroxide;
  • - iodine.
To prepare the alkaline solution, it is necessary to extinguish 1 kg of lime. Then take 6 kg of ash, put in a barrel and mix gently with spiegasti lime. In a barrel with lime and ash need to add 10 liters of cold water and again mix well. In covered the barrel of the mortar should be 24 hours, during this time, it is necessary to mix thoroughly 3-4 times. Please note that the barrel must be made of wood. To use for disinfection can only defend the upper layer of the alkaline solution.
You can prepare a lye of caustic soda, but it will be more toxic than the one made of ash. For the disinfection of frequently used technical sodium hydroxide (caustic soda). To prepare 2% disinfectant solution, take 2 parts of sodium hydroxide to 98 parts of water. For the 10% solution you need to take 10 parts of sodium hydroxide and dissolve them in 90 parts of water. To defend the need for at least two days.
To decontaminate honeycomb, it is better to use an alkaline solution prepared by using goat milk. Need to pre-freeze the milk. Then add frozen milk lye from consumption of 1 to 1. Depending on why you are treatment to prevent or fight a specific disease, there are different types of disinfection SOT. For example, when dealing with the American grilcom honeycomb irrigate with a solution of 2% hydrogen peroxide and 1% of formic acid, which can also be replaced by acetate, and then treated with 5% solution odnoklavishnogo of iodine, kept for 24 hours and washed with water.
If you want to disinfect work tools or Sotogrande, Zimovniki, beekeeping houses, better suited soap-soda alkaline solution. For its preparation take 2% soda ash and mix it with a soap solution temperature of at least 300C. Once you have added in soap solution soda ash, you should mix everything with a wooden stick. For preparation of soap solutionrequired to obtain septic alkali, you need to take 1 bucket of water and dissolving it in 1.5 ml of soap (liquid) and 200 grams of household (pieces) of soap. Please note: soap used in the preparation of the soap solutionshould not have any fragrances.

Advice 2: How to prepare a solution for nebulizer

Effective treatment of bronchopulmonary diseases is inhalation therapy. The procedure is carried out with a nebulizer, much more effective than traditional steam inhalation over a pot.
How to prepare a solution for nebulizer
In cases involving a violation othozdenia patients, use mucolytic agent. The most popular and effective drugs on the basis of Ambroxol ("Ambrobene", "Mucosolvan") and acetylcysteine ("NAC", "Fluimucil").. Dilute the drug solution for injection or inhaled) saline solution in a ratio of 1:1.
A single dosage of Ambroxol:
- children up to 2 years - 1 ml;

- children 2-6 years - 2 ml;

- children over 6 years and adults - 3 ml.
A single dose of acetylcysteine:

- children 2-6 years - 1 ml;

- children 6-12 years - 2 ml;

- children over 12 years and adults - 3 ml.
Carry out the procedure 1-2 times a day.
In inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system prepare a mixture of herbal remedies. If you use "Rotokan", mix 1 ml with 40 ml of saline. Tincture of propolis or eucalyptus add to the physiological solution in the ratio of 1:20. Use for inhalation with a nebulizer 3 ml of the prepared solution three times a day.
If you are assigned to antimicrobial or antibacterial drugs, prepare them in the following manner:
- 1% solution Dioksidina for injection dilute with saline at a ratio of 1:4 (Dioxidine 0.5 percent - in the ratio 1:2);

- 1 ml of alcoholic extract of chlorophyllipt mix with 10 ml of saline solution;

- 1 tablet furatsilina dissolve in 100 ml of normal saline.
In cases of emergency, for example, in croup, bronchospasm or laryngeal edema, mix 0.5 ml of EPI (children under 2 years of age - 0.25 ml) with 3 ml of saline. Carry out the procedure only once and only with the permission of doctor, as this tool has many side effects and contraindications.
When cooking liquid for nebulizer can not use any solvents, except the physiological solution.

If after treatment in inhaler medication do not use it again next time.

Advice 3: As of remnants make liquid soap

Soap used since ancient times. When there was no soap, the ancient Greeks, for example, purified the body of fine sand brought from the banks of the river Nile. The ancient Egyptians used as a soap solution of water and a paste of beeswax. For centuries, soap was considered a luxury item and appreciated, along with expensive medicines and potions. In our time the humanity can not imagine life without soap. And at the same time, we no longer appreciate, ruthlessly throwing away the remnants, although they can give a second life.
As of remnants make liquid soap
You will need
  • 1 - remnants;
  • 2 - 1 tablespoon of honey;
  • 3 - 1 tablespoon of glycerin;
  • 4 - few drops of any essential oil;
  • 5 - blender.
Grate on fine grater all your remnants that accumulated in the bathroom. The more remnants, the better.
The remnants of the grate on a fine grater
Pour one Cup of boiling water over the grated remnants. Quickly whisk blender until smooth, to avoid lumps.
Add water
To the resulting mixture add the honey, liquid glycerin, essential oil. Whisk blender again.
Add supplements
Leave the mixture to cool for 15 minutes. Then add 1/3 Cup of cold water and again whisk blender. Pour the mixture into the dispenser. Liquid soap is ready.
Liquid soap is ready
To make liquid soap does not evaporate and does not dry out, store it in sealed containers with a special dispenser.
Useful advice
Instead of plain water, you can use different herbal. For example, infusions of chamomile, sage, yarrow.
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