You will need
- dry ammonium nitrate (or sulfamic acid and 73% nitric acid);
- laboratory adaptations for the chemical experiments;
- - electric heating device with adjustable temperature.
To obtain the nitrous nitrogen required chemical laboratory and strict compliance with the conditions of chemical reactions, as this process can be deadly. Prepare laboratory conditions depending on the selected method of obtaining the so-called protoxide of nitrogen.
The most common method of producing N2O thermal decomposition of dry ammonium nitrate. At home, the oxide dinitrogen can be obtained by heating dry ammonium nitrate electric heating appliance. Ammonium nitrate is ammonium nitrate used for making explosives. In this regard, the heating temperature should not exceed 270 degrees Celsius, or in the course of a chemical reaction will occur explosion. Organize the process of heating dry ammonium nitrate with access, cooling and collection of flint gas. In the tank for this gas and will accumulate the desired N2O.
The second method of producing N2O – heating sulfamic acid, 73% nitric acid in similar to the first embodiment conditions. This method is called more convenient for industrial production of nitrous nitrogen, however, less suitable for the home environment. The fact that sulfamic acid causes burns of the skin and mucous membranes, and nitric acid and its vapors are very hazardous: vapors may be irritating to the respiratory tract, and the acid leaves the skin ulcers.
Chemical N2O is condensed in a colorless liquid only under certain conditions, for example at room temperature and a pressure of 40 atmospheres. Thus, to obtain nitrous oxide in liquid form at home is very difficult.
Nitrous oxide is sometimes used to improve performance of internal combustion engines. However, its primary use is inhalation anesthesia. Thus, instead of receiving N2O at home, you can simply order for a pharmaceutical company so-called laughing gas in the cylinder will be the same N2O.