You will need
- system for intravenous infusions;
- is drug;
- - alcohol;
- patches, Wat.
- - stand for the system.
The dropper includes a soft plastic tube with a needle at each end. In the middle is provided a reservoir for drug solution, equipped with a special clip to adjust the speed of infusion and an additional filter. To put the patient on a drip, the nurse injects the drug into a bottle of solution for injections and inserts a needle with a tube in the rubber stopper. Next you want to insert another long needle in the bottle to create the pressure.
In a rack for droppers inserted inverted container of medicine, to achieve uniform filling of the tube with the solution and temporarily clamp it with the special clamp. Important: the height of the stand should be about 1-1,5 m above the level of the bed on which the patient lies.
On the arm above the elbow overlaps the harness, Vienna patient is treated with alcohol and the needle is injected. Making sure that the needle is in the vein, the nurse unties the harness, connect the IV. Then secures the needle with a bandage and sets the desired rate of infusion of the drug.
The dropper used in emergencies when you need urgent assistance when you need to quickly enter into the body plenty of fluids: when violations of the liver, kidney, cardiac, chronic diseases of blood vessels.
Good effect intravenous drip infusion observed in intoxications caused by poisoning (including alcohol), extensive burns, inflammatory diseases. When the patient can't feed himself, droppers are used for insertion into blood nutrient solutions (glucose). During operations – for intravenous anesthesia.
After the start of treatment the patient is almost immediately relieved, because with the introduction of large amounts of fluid decreases the concentration in the blood of harmful substances. The medication quickly reaches the affected organ, as is introduced directly into the blood. The volume of liquid that can be administered using dropper, much more which is usually injected at the normal injection. The drug is administered gradually, slowly, so better accepted by the body and is more effective.
Droppers do not use in heart failure, accompanied by edema, thrombophlebitis, in some diseases of the skin. In each case the physician must decide individually the feasibility of using this method.
It is important to observe sterility during the filling and installation of the system, so as not to infect the patient.
There are situations where this method is not recommended, so as not to cause deterioration of the patient.
Advice 2 : Why the need for IV fluids
Sometimes can be challenging to understand what form of the drug or treatment to choose - each have their own pros and cons. The same rule is true for methods of administering drugs.
There are several methods of delivering medication and nutrients in the human or animal body. Pills, powders, medicine – through the mouth; candles, enemas through the rectum, which provides a very good absorbability; plasters, ointments through the skin; aerosol through the pulmonary system; solutions – in skin, muscle or vein. The first and last methods are the most common. Injections come in several types – intradermal, intramuscular and intravascular. The latter are the most difficult to perform, but the most quick and least painful for the person. For their performances, and needed IV fluids.Dropper is a device, usually made of plastic, consisting of a reservoir for the liquid and a needle connected by a long plastic tube for convenience of manipulation, as well as the valve regulating the rate and flow speed of the solution. The dropper is mounted on a tripod, the needle is inserted into vein or artery (depending on the administered drug). Sometimes a drip system consists only of tubes with a pin with a control valve and needle. Plastic pin stuck into the rubber stopper of a glass jar with a solution, put it on a tripod, set up the valve and perform the procedure.Often put intravenous fluids. This procedure has several features: first, it is important to check the IV before inserting the needle into a vein in the presence of bubbles of fluid – you should avoid them. Next, you need to treat skin disinfectant (alcohol pad). To avoid injury of the limb during manipulations, you need to drag it above the insertion of the needle the tourniquet and ask the person several times with force to compress and unclench the fist. This is necessary in order to make the muscle down, pushed the vessel to the skin, and it was possible to perform the procedure with minimal risk of damaging surrounding tissue. After penetration of the needle into a vein a small amount of blood appears in the tube of the dropper – it is a guarantee that she's standing where you want them. Next, the needle is fixed with adhesive to the skin, open the control valve and carry out the introduction of drugs. Modern droppers arranged in such a way that after the substance in the tank or the bottle the air will not get into a vein - a solution always remains in the connecting tube.