Contraceptive spiral is placed in the woman's uterus, after installation it is not felt in the body. This system is small in size (three and a half centimeters in length), and weighs only slightly. The spiral contains the hormone levonorgestrel, the system allocates it a daily small dose. Because the hormone gets immediately into the destination body has enough really paltry amount. This hormone in a daily dose of seven and a half times less than in regular birth control pills.
Intrauterine hormonal coil works in three directions. Under the action of levonorgestrel is significantly thickens the mucus in the cervix, which prevents the penetration of infections. Moreover, its concentration prevents the movement of sperm. In addition, the hormone creates uncomfortable for the sperm environment in which they lose their mobility, so even if one of them managed to overcome the cervical mucus, he has very little chance to reach the egg. Besides, under the action of levonorgestrel is thinning of the inner layer of the uterus, to which must be attached fertilized egg. After the installation of the spiral, the uterus cleans itself on the inside, which is conducive to her health, besides, even if tenacious sperm managed to fertilize the egg, she will have nowhere to attach. It should be noted that the moment of conception is the point of attachment of the ovum to the uterine wall, since this is not happening, consider hormonal spiral abortive method impossible.
The hormone spiral is determined by the doctor for a period of three years. Note that in the first months will occur adaptation period, which could cause a number of inconveniences. Primarily, this is due to the thinning of the endometrium (the inner layer of the uterus) and removal of its output, which affects the menstrual secretions. Within two to three months between periods can be a large number of additional releases. Do not be afraid, this is a normal process. After a period of adaptation often monthly decline, become less heavy and painful.
If you put yourself such a spiral, preferably in a period of adjustment to be checked by a doctor. Do it best in ten days to see by ultrasound, how well "got up" the helix, and then three months after the end of adaptation, to check the status of the body. Then you need to visit the gynecologist every six months to prevent and control health.
Advice 2 : How to choose spiral
Many women, giving birth to one or more children, think about the effective methods of contraception. In this capacity, often choose the intrauterine spiral. This means of contraception is set by the gynecologist after a thorough examination and taking the required tests. So, how to choose spiral without damage to health?
The second common type was the spiral method which is based on hormones. This so-called intrauterine progesterone-releasing system (PRS). This spiral increases the proliferation of cells in the cervix, its mucous membrane becomes more viscous and forms a plug that blocks the further promotion of sperm to the cervical canal. If a woman has any complaint with hormonal health, the use of this type of spiral is also acceptable. This form of contraception is introduced in a short period of time up to one year.
In addition to the above funds, as well as the spirals, the mechanism of which is designed for prolonged use. She has the hormonal makeup. Such spiral is called intrauterine levonorgestrel-releasing system (LRS). This IUD (intrauterine device) designed to use up to 7 years. In the spiral contains a special valve, which is daily, throughout the period, produces in the uterine cavity a small quantity of a hormone, levonorgestrel (20 mcg total). Such effects reliably blocks the cervix from sperm getting inside.
When you select a spiral, you need to conduct a comprehensive survey on the subject of diseases such as postpartum endometritis, inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs, liver disease, breast cancer, diseases of the cervix, urinary tract infections, increased and reduced pressure, jaundice and others. After the abortion should also postpone the installation of the helix from one to three months.
After installation of the helix for some time may experience discomfort in the genital area, dryness inside the vagina and the scarcity of monthly bleeding. All these side effects pass quickly and leave no unpleasant sensations. The spiral gives a 100% guarantee of protection from unwanted pregnancy for a long time, and so deservedly occupy the leading position on the market of contraceptives.