Diabetes in pregnancy

Poor insulin sensitivity during this period leads to an increase in the level of glucose in the blood. If these readings become constant, then it is a clear indication that you have diabetes. This disease can develop into a more complex stage after birth. The increase in sugar is a danger not only for the pregnant woman but also for her fetus.

High levels of glucose can lead to miscarriage, preeclampsia and virtually eliminates natural birth (preferably a cesarean section).

In order to reduce the risk associated with pregnancy should focus on control increased blood sugar from the mother.

Index of sugar, which is considered critical

For pregnant women there are certain rules for carbohydrate metabolism. All the readings are taken in the morning on an empty stomach. The norm is 4-5,1 mm/l.

The diagnosis of symptomatic diabetes is put with sugar of more than 7.0 mm/l. Disease in these figures remains and after pregnancy, therefore, requires additional treatment. If the glucose levels ranges from 5.1 mm/l 7.0 mm/l, the doctors diagnosed - gestational diabetes usually after childbirth it spontaneously disappears, and the woman does not require additional treatment.

How high blood sugar affects the mother

Difficulty in a couple where the girl suffers with diabetes, appear at the planning stage of pregnancy. Possible problems with the heart and kidneys, as well as the inevitable defeat of vessels of an eye bottom. These abnormalities develop throughout pregnancy. The woman should clearly understand that its state depends the health of her baby.

Lose heart-provokes heart failure, and vascular lesions of the fundus of the eye can cause retinal detachment and even blindness.

There is a huge probability that the mother will develop pyelonephritis.

Pyelonephritis is an inflammatory disease of the renal parenchyma and renal pelvis.

As the increase of sugar affect the fetus

Diabetic fetopathy - a set of biodeterioration, which is formed from the baby at a higher blood sugar of a pregnant woman.

The increase in sugar is the enlargement of the fruit (average baby weight 4 to 4.5 kg). This fruit can cause serious injury to genitals of the mother.

Is a high possibility that the fetus has all possible defects, such as malformation of the brain congenital malformation of the heart or genitourinary system. According to statistics, 50% of these children die in the womb, and 25% - in the first week after birth.