For the average consumer utilization of biowaste is not a difficult task. Unnecessary organic matter is thrown into bins used for composting and as feed for cattle on private farms. One of the novelties of the recent time is a special food waste disposer that can be installed under the sink with a drain hole about 3.5 inches. Milled biological particles fall into the sewer and go to the processing plant. There they can be used as a basis for agricultural fertilizers.
Dumping food waste in landfills is considered to be an outdated method, but still widely used in different countries. Doing this special service, which take out a large amount of organic waste from food industry and catering points. Waste is placed in tanks, which if necessary can be sealed. The main disadvantage of this method of disposal ecologists believe that the rapid decay and acidification of huge masses of debris, which can cause various diseases in humans and animals. In addition, organic acids can react with heavy metals and poison the environment.
The most popular and effective way to get rid of food waste is currently considered burning them in the ovens of the crematorium. Burners typically operate on diesel fuel or gas. Cremation of organic matter destroys all pathogenic microbes, as the temperature reaches 800 degrees. All that remains from debris – sterile ash and particles of bone. So, furnace for the combustion of biowaste often work at meat processing plants and livestock farms.
The method of composting – another touch of the modern. In a special storage layers is organic waste, where it naturally decomposes. Experts monitor temperature conditions of storage. In the domestic market with specialized organizations (such as "Ecodensity" or "Ekotrak") that use the device is able to grind the biowaste directly in the package. Recycled substance in a special way processed, it is added fibrous materials to further use in the manufacture of cement.
Scientists are constantly looking for innovative ways to reduce the amount of garbage that people leave behind. So, ecologically safe technology of recycling microbiological suggests that specific microorganisms are selectively decomposing organics on secondary products for utilities and industry. However, widespread waste technologies, the construction of processing plants is a complex economic problem. In Russia, as in many other countries, it is still far from its solution.