Chickenpox usually starts with raising the temperature to 38-39 degrees, the appearance of lethargy and poor appetite. The symptoms resemble SARS (acute respiratory viral infection). Can enlarged lymph nodes in the neck and behind the ears.
The first symptoms of chicken pox are easy to recognize, is the appearance of red rash a day after the beginning of moderate fever. A small seal on the skin can be confused with the manifestation of allergic reactions, and even insect bites. However, the "veranica" begins to grow - sometimes it happens during the day, and sometimes the process is delayed for a few days.
The first wave of rash chickenpox affects the first chest, arms and face, then spreads to the eyelids, the scalp, mucous membranes and groin. Seemingly harmless pimples turn into the characteristic blisters with liquid inside. The skin around them slightly red. The patient experiences severe itching.
After every 1-2 days of the patient with chicken pox can infect another 2-3 rounds of new skin rashes, and each wave brings with it a fever. There is a General weakness, irritability, sleep disturbance and appetite. Gradually the bubbles with watery fluid dry up, and they get the crust. On the seventh to tenth day the body temperature ceases to rise, and crust covers have all of the seals. From this point the patient is no longer considered contagious.
You should distinguish the symptoms of chicken pox from atopic dermatitis, which appears similar reactions. To avoid Allergy, you need to remove from the diet all possible antigens. Smallpox this measure will have no effect. For dermatitis each new wave of rash is always more intense than the previous one. When the chickenpox of the blisters becoming less day by day. Allergy symptoms can be found even on the palms and soles; after the falling away crusts such seals get wet and covered with cracks. In this case it should be treated, appropriate diagnosis.
When a new rash of chickenpox ceases to appear, the crust will remain on the skin for about 0.5 months. At this time in any case can not comb my hair and otkolupyvat sores - otherwise, the body will forever remain a characteristic scars. In the disease process must also prevent scratching, otherwise in damaged tissue can include additional infection.
Advice 2: How to recognize chickenpox
One of the most common diseases encountered in children is the chicken pox. Many parents are very worried about their kids infected with chicken pox. Most often, adults scary the second name of the disease – chicken pox. In fact, that little children suffer chickenpox fairly easily. In adults it may cause serious complications. Had been ill with chickenpox in childhood, the person acquires a lifelong immunity to this, though almost safe, but still, unpleasant disease. You transfer the virus the chicken pox airborne. Recognize chickenpox is very easy.
The first 3 weeks of illness with chickenpox may not be noticed. That's how much it lasts for the incubation period.
The first and quite noticeable signs of chickenpox is a rash. It appears most often in 12-15 days after contact with chickenpox infected person.
The rash of chicken pox resemble a small pink nodules. In most cases, at the beginning of the disease, these nodules appear on the face and the infected areas of the head covered with hair.
For the past few hours, the rash spreads all over the body of a patient with chickenpox, and it can be seen even on mucous membranes.
In the first stage of the disease chicken pox rash is a small, round, clearly defined spots of pink.
Later, these spots begin to rise above the surface of the skin.
Then they appear shiny bubbles the size of 1-5mm filled with a transparent liquid. These bubbles, surrounded by narrow reddish obolochkoi, very similar to droplets of water.
After a few days the bubbles burst and dry up. As a result, in their place are formed yellowish or light brown.
A few days is required to ensure that all crusts have disappeared. By the way, scars in place of lesions should not stay.
New spots are formed continuously, occupying the space between those who have already turned into blisters or scabs. I.e. on the patient's body with chicken pox a person can see several different elements of the rash. This differs smallpox from other diseases, a symptom of which is also rash.
The rash of chicken pox is very itchy, thereby bringing great discomfort to the patient. Particularly worrying for people infected with chicken pox, itching between the toes, in the groin, mouth and conjunctiva eyes.
Symptoms of chickenpox usually bother the person for 5-10 days. After this time, there is a falling away the last of the crusts and complete cleansing of the skin.
Often, simultaneously with the appearance of the rash, the patient with chickenpox there is an increase in body temperature to 39 degrees. Infected with chicken pox can suffer chills, malaise, headache, loss of appetite.
Usually chickenpox is not accompanied by any serious complications and does not leave behind any traces. But one should remember that the older the patient with chickenpox, the worse he carries it.
Advice 3: How to identify the symptoms of chickenpox
Chickenpox or varicella is an infectious disease that spreads through airborne droplets. Chickenpox can be transmitted through clothing or utensils. Dangerous are the complications of this disease, it's important to recognize the disease.
Often the first symptoms of the disease in children are headaches, loss of appetite, tearfulness or irritability. This period of adults begins with fever, headaches, nausea, and sometimes vomiting.
Sometimes, to understand that the man contracted the chicken pox, only once his body there is a characteristic rash. At the same time, you may experience an increase in temperature. In children, the rash appears earlier than in adults, but toxicity in adults, more pronounced, and the heat lasts longer.
Rash, a characteristic upon infection with chickenpox, can be seen on any area of the body. It applies rather chaotic, appearing at first a mild rash on the skin in the form of flat pink spots. In the eyes of the number of lesions increases significantly, and the spots become more convex, forming bubbles filled with liquid.
If the first few days, when the chickenpox rashes appear on the skin, then vesicles form on the mucous membranes of the eyes, mouth and genitals. The vesicles contain a transparent fluid, which in the piercing comes out, and instead in the place of the vesicles, the formation of crusts. The main symptom is intense itching, in which it is necessary to refrain from scratching because there is a risk of infection. Sometimes behind the ears or on the neck an increase in the lymph nodes.
Localization of rash most often seen on the trunk, face, scalp, legs and arms, with the exception of the palms and soles. Sometimes there are sporadic eruptions, but more often a lot of them. Besides, every few days there are new "podsypanina", leading to a new wave of raising the body temperature. As soon as the stop "podsypanina" disappears intoxication. New pimples smaller than the old, as the human body begins production antibodies to the herpes virus that causes chickenpox. Where were the blisters appear brown, which dropping out is, do not leave marks. In place of a crust remains pink stain that will remain on the skin approximately 2 weeks.
Advice 4: Chickenpox: the smear pimples
Chickenpox is a common childhood disease that does not threaten the child's life, but requires close monitoring for development of infection. Sores that form on the body of the child, must be treated with special solutions which will eliminate the ingress of contamination into the body of the child and thus will not let the disease give a negative impact.
The need for the treatment of wounds
Smear chickenpox it is necessary to eliminate the risk of getting infection and prevent scratching inflammation baby. To prevent negative consequences, may require the use of an antiseptic ointment, with disinfecting effect.
For many years one of the most inexpensive and effective drugs in the treatment of the disease is green. It has a disinfectant effect and at the same time slightly dries out, which contributes to their rapid healing and subsequent recovery.
Some parents as an antibacterial drug used iodine, but to smear it on your spots when the chickenpox is prohibited because this medicine can cause severe itching on the baby's skin and cause scratching of the baby emerging sores. Alternative green drug is potassium permanganate. The solution will help to reduce the itching, dry eruptions. Smear the skin needs 5% solution of potassium manganese, which can be purchased in virtually any pharmacy.
Treatment of mucous
If the windmill began to infect the mucous membranes of your child (e.g. mouth or genitals), it is possible to carry out the treatment with a solution furatsilina, which also has an antibacterial effect. For the treatment of mucous membranes may also be suitable boric acid and hydrogen peroxide. Before using a solution you should consult with your doctor.
Ointments such as "Acyclovir", "Virolex" and "Root" will significantly reduce the itching and to improve the General condition of the child. The drugs have an antiviral effect, which has a positive impact in the treatment of the virus of chickenpox. Another good tool is the "Calamine", which will allow you to save a child from itching and thereby eliminate combing and getting an infection in the baby's body.
Among other effective remedies for chicken pox note the "Fukortsin", "Rivanol" and methylene solution. With strong itching chickenpox can be coated with glycerol. In some cases, doctors recommend treating smallpox "Menadione", "Rutin" or calcium chloride. The use of these substances is useful if the rash the child gain a hemorrhagic (bleeding). The number and frequency of application of the solution is determined by the selected for applying the composition. So, "Rivanol" may be applied to the wounds 2 times a day.
Bright spots that were left after the smallpox, it is possible to grease with vegetable oil to even out skin color and to accelerate the disappearance of the traces of the disease.