Pay attention to signs of inflammation of the lungs: weakness, sweating, headache and pain in the chest, shortness of breath and cough. The cough is with colorless sputum, sometimes with splashes of blood. But these symptoms may appear weak.
Sometimes in a patient with pneumonia, skin color changes, becoming darker or redder due to poor blood oxygen – called cyanosis. First of all, it appears around the mouth. Can be differently colored cheeks, one brighter than the other.
Observe the breathing process. The patient undress to the waist and ask him to do a few deep breaths and then hold your breath and exhale sharply. That part of the breast that is affected with pneumonia, moving slower or not moving.
Do not delay calling a physician: than he used to diagnose inflammation, the faster and easier it will be to this disease. Diagnosis begins with listening to the lungs. The doctor may hear decreased breath sounds on the side affected by inflammationm, crackles, or even friction and dry rales, if the injured pleura.
The doctor also conducts tapping (percussion) of the chest. The place where you develop pneumonia, the sound is different from the healthy.
The next step of diagnosis is to conduct fluoroscopy. In the picture light you can see the inflammation, and the radiologist may determine the cause of the disease.
Sick children chest x-rays usually don't do until the age of 15 - because of the danger of x-ray irradiation. If necessary, the disease is confirmed by radiograph. The difference of this method from x-ray examination that images of the lungs can be done from different positions.
For the diagnosis of pneumonia is also necessary the analysis of sputum. First, the technician finds that there are no seeding analyte of mycobacteria, the causative agents of tuberculosis. Next, we determine the sensitivity to antibiotics: identifies those that are most effectively fight the pathogen that affected the patient's lungs. It is necessary for the purpose of treatment.
Mandatory for the diagnosis of the disease is also common blood test, which counts the erythrocyte and the number of leukocytes and eosinophils.
To establish the diagnosis and rule out similar to pneumonia diseases requires a large amount of research which cannot be conducted at home, which means that in the case of suspected inflammation of the lungs should be set to refer to specialists.